Friday 25 April 2014
News updated at 3:42 AM IST
Weather
Max: 34.6°C
Min : 22.8°C
In Bangalore
Generally cloudy

Marvels of Lakkundi

Rijutha, May 7 2012
Sheer symmetry: Most temple complexes in Lakkundi feature the ‘kalyani’ or  step-well. Photo by the author

Badami, Pattadkal and Aihole make it to the top of any tourist’s list but Lakkundi, which is nearby and historically relevant to the aforementioned places, is the one place most tourists ignore.

Lakkundi (Lokki-gundi or Loku-gundi) is a small village located 12 km south-east of Gadag on the Hubli-Hospet Highway (NH-63). The village is full of ruined temples and tanks, a few of which have been restored and maintained by the ASI. Lakkundi has temples and inscriptions spread over the period of Kalyani Chalukyas, Kalachuris, Sevunas and Hoysalas. 

Historical perspective 


The Chalukyas ruled from Kalyana (present Basavakalyana) in Bidar district from the 10th century to 12th century CE after defeating the Rashtrakutas. Taila II was the founder of this dynasty and claimed descent from the Chalukyas of Badami (who are famous for the monuments at Badami, Pattadkal and Aihole). The Kalyana Chalukyas were great patrons of art and built glorious temples and tanks at Itagi, Lakkundi, Kuruvatti, Gadag, etc. 

Lakkundi gained prominence in the medieval period. In the 11th century, it was a centre of higher learning and an eminent agrahara. This place was also a busy centre for mintage. The great Hoysala king Vira Ballala resided here and made Lakkundi his second metropolis. It was at Lakkundi that Kalyana Chalukya architecture reached its zenith.

There are many temples of varying floor plans and elevation. Greenish blue schist (soap stone) was the chief raw material used here unlike Aihole and Pattadkal where sandstone was used. Brahma Jinalaya, Kashivishveshwara, Kumbareshwara, Manikeshwara, Naganatha, Nanneshwara and Musukinabaavi are some of the monuments being protected and maintained by the ASI. The ASI has proposed that this group of monuments be enlisted as World Heritage monuments. 

The most detailed and magnificent temple in Lakkundi is the Kashivishveshwara temple.

It is actually a twin temple built over a common plinth and has two sanctums, one has a Shiva linga while the other one housed a Surya statue. Many themes from Badami, Pattadkal and Aihole are repeated here but are depicted much more intricately. The painstakingly carved multi-banded door-jambs are breathtaking. The Brahma Jinalaya is another notable monument. The most remarkable sculpture is that of the four-faced Brahma himself. The idol in the sanctum is that of Neminatha. The Musukina baavi is an ornate stepped well. It has a flight of steps leading to water on the southern, eastern and western sides. Over the flight of steps on the southern side is a double -storied mantapa. The well-maintained gardens add to the glory of this place. There is a Manikeshwara temple near the tank. The tank is artistically built with small canopied niches inside the walls of the well enshrining lingas. 

The Jaina temple complex houses over 250 epigraphs, statues and carved architectural members. 

The most remarkable thing is that the caretakers of all the places mentioned above are very friendly and well versed in the history of the place and also have some interesting stories to tell. You just have to lend them a patient ear. 

I was impressed by the story of Dana Chintamani Attimabbe among the others.

Attimabbe was the wife of Nagadeva, an officer under Taila II. 

She built the Brahma Jinalaya, a landmark in Jain architecture. She donated 1,500 jewel-studded statues of thirthankaras and 1,000 copies of the manuscript of Ponna’s ‘Santipurana’. She also patronised the great Kannada poet Ranna. 

She walked all the way to Shravanabelagola without drinking a drop of water or eating a morsel of food!

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
A fan offers sweet to a poster of Sachin Tendulkar on his 41st birthday, in Bikaner on Thursday...

A fan offers sweet to a poster of Sachin Tendulkar on his 41st birthday, in Bikaner on Thursday...

A physically challenged boy shows his voter identity card after casting vote for the Lok Sabha...

A physically challenged boy shows his voter identity card after casting vote for the Lok Sabha...

Elderly women outside a polling booth before casting their votes in Malda, West Bengal on ...

Elderly women outside a polling booth before casting their votes in Malda, West Bengal on ...

Voters show their identity cards as they wait to cast votes for Lok Sabha elections at a village...

Voters show their identity cards as they wait to cast votes for Lok Sabha elections at a village...

Bollywood actor Shah Rukh Khan displays the indelible ink mark on his finger after casting his ...

Bollywood actor Shah Rukh Khan displays the indelible ink mark on his finger after casting his ...

Catholic nuns show their inked finger after casting their vote for the Lok Sabha polls in ...

Catholic nuns show their inked finger after casting their vote for the Lok Sabha polls in ...

Malayalam film actor Mammootty presents a memento to prominent Malayalam writer and Janapith ...

Malayalam film actor Mammootty presents a memento to prominent Malayalam writer and Janapith ...

Women voters show their voter identity cards as they wait in queues to cast votes for Lok Sabha ...

Women voters show their voter identity cards as they wait in queues to cast votes for Lok Sabha ...

Bollywood legend Amitabh Bachchan, his wife Jaya Bachchan,  son Abhishek Bachchan, and daughter...

Bollywood legend Amitabh Bachchan, his wife Jaya Bachchan, son Abhishek Bachchan, and daughter...

Industrialist Mukesh Ambani with wife Nita Ambani and sons showing ink marked fingers after ...

Industrialist Mukesh Ambani with wife Nita Ambani and sons showing ink marked fingers after ...

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bangalore - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523