Press Esc to close
Tuesday 24 January 2017
News updated at 2:24 AM IST
Weather
Max: 30.3°C
Min : 16.8°C
In Bengaluru
Sunny day

Role and power of India's president

India's president is the titular head of the state, enjoys certain powers and performs a variety of ceremonial functions. A lowdown on the Indian first citizen's roles and powers as the nation's 13th president, Pranab Mukherjee, assumed office Wednesday:

What are the executive powers?

The executive powers of the Indian union, under Article 53 of the constitution, vest in the president. The president has a right to be informed of all of the nation's affairs, enjoys powers to appoint and remove high constitutional authorities, including the prime minister and the council of ministers. All appointments of the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts, the state governors, the attorney general, the comptroller and auditor general (CAG), and the chief commissioner and members of the election commission are made in his name.

What are the legislative powers?

The budget session of parliament always begins with the president's address and if there is a deadlock in legislation process between the two houses of parliament, the president summons a joint session to break the impasse. Under the Indian constitution, the government needs prior presidential sanction before introducing legislation such as for creating a new state or changes in the boundary of existing states or even a change in its name. Also, legislation dealing with fundamental rights under the constitution require the president's consent, similar to money bills introduced in the Lok Sabha. Besides, all bills passed by parliament need the president's nod before becoming law.
The president also promulgates ordinances or emergent legislation during parliament's recess. The president also nominates members to both the houses.

However, his powers are limited to the extent that he can ask the council of ministers to reconsider a bill they have sent him for signing, such as invoking of Article 356. But if the council of ministers sends back the bill, the president has no choice but to accept it.

What are the military powers?

The president is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces and all officers' appointments are made by him or her, including that of the chiefs. The country declares war in the name of the president and also concludes peace, all from the control and authority over parliament that the president enjoys.

What are the diplomatic roles?

India's president has wide-ranging roles to play when it comes to diplomacy for maintaining relations with other countries. The country's ambassadors and high commissioners are his representatives in foreign land. He also receives the credentials of diplomatic representatives of foreign countries. The president also negotiates treaties and agreements with other nations prior to ratification by parliament.

What are the judicial powers?

The president enjoys judicial powers, primarily to rectify judicial errors, grant pardons and reprieves from punishment. The president can also seek the opinion of the supreme court on legal and constitutional matters and on matters of national and people's interest.

What are the financial roles?

The president causes the presentation of audit reports before parliament and is to receive the report of the finance commission and to act on its recommendations. The Contingency Fund of India is also at the president's disposal.

What are the emergency powers?

Three kinds of emergencies are envisaged by the constitution. Under national emergency powers, the president can declare a state of emergency after satisfying that the country's security is at peril, either from external aggression or armed rebellion within. The national emergency is declared only after the prime minister and the cabinet recommends it in writing.

The state emergency is basically political emergency, resulting in president's rule or governor's rule, if there is a constitutional or law and order breakdown, under Article 356 of the constitution.

The financial emergency occurs when the financial stability of the country or any part of the country is seriously affected. The president can direct a state government to observe prudence in public expenditure. The financial emergency powers of the president have never been put to test ever in the last six decades.

 

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Inmates of Netaji subhash Chandra Bose Central Jail perform at a programe on Netaji's birth...

Inmates of Netaji subhash Chandra Bose Central Jail perform at a programe on Netaji's birth...

The contingent of Indian Navy marching past during the full dress rehearsal for the Republic Day...

The contingent of Indian Navy marching past during the full dress rehearsal for the Republic Day...

Bollywood actors Sidharth Malhotra (L) and Katrina Kaif at the 'Umang Mumbai Police Show 2017’...

Bollywood actors Sidharth Malhotra (L) and Katrina Kaif at the 'Umang Mumbai Police Show 2017’...

Camel mounted Indian Border Security Force soldiers march during the full dress rehearsal for...

Camel mounted Indian Border Security Force soldiers march during the full dress rehearsal for...

An injured is taken away for treatment after police resorted lathicharge to disperse protesters...

An injured is taken away for treatment after police resorted lathicharge to disperse protesters...

Riot Control Police take away pro-Jallikattu protesters after a clash at the Marina Beach...

Riot Control Police take away pro-Jallikattu protesters after a clash at the Marina Beach...

A Pro-Jallikattu protester throws bottle at the police during a violent clash near Marina Beach...

A Pro-Jallikattu protester throws bottle at the police during a violent clash near Marina Beach...

A pro-Jallikattu protester throwing bottles at police personnel during a clash near Marina...

A pro-Jallikattu protester throwing bottles at police personnel during a clash near Marina...

A worker stitches the national flag at a workshop on the occasion of Republic Day in Bhiwandi...

A worker stitches the national flag at a workshop on the occasion of Republic Day in Bhiwandi...

Actors Jackie Chan and Sonu Sood along with the other starcast during a promotional event...

Actors Jackie Chan and Sonu Sood along with the other starcast during a promotional event...

Like us on Facebook

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bengaluru - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523