Taliban 'prepared to work with US on security in Afghanistan'
The group, which was ousted by the US-led invasion of Afghanistan in the wake of 9/11, is now willing to cooperate with the US on security and take part in peace negotiations in return for international political recognition, the study by London based Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) said.
The study RUSI said was based on interviews with four senior Taliban figures close to the organisation's leader, Mullah Mohammad Omar, including former government ministers, one of the group's founding members and a Mujahideen commander, the Telegraph reported.
The study quoting Taliban commanders says a negotiated settlement for Afghanistan that could allow the majority of western troops to withdraw in 2014 without the country descending into renewed chaos.
The report runs contrary to trends on the ground, where peace talks scheduled to be held in Doha, Qatar have hardly made any headway and there is no let-up in Taliban offensive in Afghanistan.
According to the report, the Taliban representatives believe there is "no natural enmity" with the Americans, and that they would be prepared to accept a long-term US military presence in the country if it helped Afghan security.
Under the plan, five US military bases could operate in Kandahar, Herat, Jalalabad, Mazar-e-Sharif and Kabul to help rebuild Afghanistan up to 2024. The Taliban figures expressed hope that military assistance would translate into economic assistance over time.
According to the paper, the group's leadership and 'base' deeply regret their past association with al-Qaeda and would obey a command to completely renounce the group once a ceasefire had been agreed.
The four Taliban representatives, who did not want to be named, said that while they could not speak for the more hardline military commission, Mullah Omar had broad control over all factions and he supported the plan.
However, they imposed several conditions on the deal. These would include rejecting the current Afghan constitution so that any ceasefire would not be considered a "surrender", a refusal to negotiate with the "utterly corrupt" President Hamid Karzai and the Taliban being re-accepted into the international fold.
The four representatives also said that the US would have to guarantee not to launch any attacks on Pakistan or Iran from its Afghan bases, with the deal terminated if they did. America would also have to end drone strikes from the country.
"The report shows that the outlook of the Taliban leadership has changed over the last three years," explained one of the reports authors. "There is an acceptability now that this conflict cannot be won and an outright victory is almost unforeseeable."
Making reference to the Coalition and the political relationship between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, one of the Taliban members dismissed rumours of division within the Quetta Shura.
The leader responsible for military affairs, Qayum Zakir, challenged the group's coalition from within, but only to a "tolerable extent".
"We think of Zakir as Nick Clegg," he said.
Abdul Hakim Mujahid, deputy leader of Hamid Karzai’s High Peace Council and himself a former Taliban envoy, confirmed to The Daily Telegraph that some Taliban figures had discussed negotiating a "package", including a ceasefire, to try and find a settlement to the conflict.
However they rejected current demands that they lay down their weapons and abide by the constitution, saying it would be tantamount to a surrender. Mr Karzai has said in the past that acceptance of the constitution was not negotiable.
Concessions to the Taliban are likely to face deep opposition from the influential remanants of the Northern Alliance who fought the Taliban regime throughout the 1990s.