Press Esc to close
Saturday 20 September 2014
News updated at 3:18 AM IST
Weather
Max: 27.8°C
Min : 20.1°C
In Bangalore
Sunny day

India's first manned space flight trial in 2015

New Delhi, April 9, 2013, DHNS:
File Photo

The first flight of ISRO's new and powerful rocket that will be able to carry an Indian to space, is expected to take place by the middle of 2015.

Known as the Geostationary satellite launch vehicle (GSLV) Mark-III, this is the heavy-duty rocket, which Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will use to send an Indian astronaut to the space. Doing the same with commercial foreign rockets, would be very expensive.

“GSLV Mk-III will have a payload of 6-10 tonnes and can take an Indian astronaut to a low earth orbit,” ISRO chairman K Radhakrishnan said at the Indian National Science Academy here on Tuesday.


Sending a man to the moon is not on ISRO's immediate agenda because the rocket has to carry a load of 35 tonnes up to the lunar orbit.

“For comparison, Chandrayan-I weighs only 1.8 tonnes. Such kind of up-scaling in rocket's capability is needed. The cost for such a mission will be very high,” he said.
But a manned space flight to a low earth orbit (upwards of 160 km to few hundreds of km) is on the space agency's radar. Except USA'a Apollo missions to moon, all other manned space flights took place in these zones. The international space station moves at an altitude between 330 and 435 km.

However, because of a series of failure in the GSLV flights, space scientists have now planned to do an experimental test flight of the GSLV Mk-III in, January 2014 without the crucial cryogenic upper stage, which is being developed indigenously.
The experimental flight will have a full-fledged GSLV with strap on boosters without the cryogenic engine.

It will fly up to an altitude of 120 km after which it will take a parabolic path and dive in the Bay of Bengal.

The flight will generate crucial aerodynamics data which ISRO scientists will use while designing the rocket for first manned space flight.

“We have received permissions from the government for two developmental flights of GSLV with indigenous cryogenic engine. The first developmental flight is expected in 18 months after the experimental flight in January, 2014,” said S Somnath, project director of GSLV Mk-III programme at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram.

The indigenous cryogenic engine, which failed in its first flight in 2010, will now be put to test again in July, when an older generation GSLV (Mk-II) is scheduled to be launched. Capable of carrying a payload up to 2.5 tonnes, GSLV Mk-II can reduce India's reliance on French ArianeSpace rockets to take INSAT class satellites to the 36,000 km orbit.

“GLSV Mk-III has a completely different architecture than Mk-II. It carries twice as much fuel and the thrust is double than that of Mk-II. We need both versions of GSLV to save our foreign exchange,” Somnath told Deccan Herald.

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Bollywood actor Farhan Akhtar at the launch of Coca Cola Zero in New Delhi ...

Bollywood actor Farhan Akhtar at the launch of Coca Cola Zero in New Delhi ...

Sadananda Gowda releasing the logo for a special cleanliness campaign of SCR at Rail Nlayam ...

Sadananda Gowda releasing the logo for a special cleanliness campaign of SCR at Rail Nlayam ...

Manmohan Singh greets Chinese President Xi Jinping as Sonia Gandhi looks on ...

Manmohan Singh greets Chinese President Xi Jinping as Sonia Gandhi looks on ...

Indian flagbearer Sardar Singh carries the national flag to lead the contingent into Incheon ...

Indian flagbearer Sardar Singh carries the national flag to lead the contingent into Incheon ...

Asian Games torch arrive at main stadium for opening ceremony of the 17th Asian Games ...

Asian Games torch arrive at main stadium for opening ceremony of the 17th Asian Games ...

Artists perform during the opening ceremony for the 17th Asian Games in Incheon, South Korea ...

Artists perform during the opening ceremony for the 17th Asian Games in Incheon, South Korea ...

Omar Abdullah inaugurates a reconstructed bridge which was washed away by floods at Gundoora ...

Omar Abdullah inaugurates a reconstructed bridge which was washed away by floods at Gundoora ...

Students take part in a rally aganist the alleged molestation of Jadavpur University female ...

Students take part in a rally aganist the alleged molestation of Jadavpur University female ...

Kashmiri Sikh people preparing food for the flood victims at a relief camp ...

Kashmiri Sikh people preparing food for the flood victims at a relief camp ...

A ballot box is emptied as workers prepare to count ballots at a counting centre in Aberdeen...

A ballot box is emptied as workers prepare to count ballots at a counting centre in Aberdeen...

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bangalore - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523