Wednesday 23 April 2014
News updated at 12:41 PM IST
Weather
Max: 35.5°C
Min : 21.5°C
In Bangalore
Partially cloudy

India, Pakistan, China boost nuclear arsenals in 2012: SIPRI

London, Jun 3, 2013 (PTI)

India, Pakistan and China have expanded their nuclear arsenals over the past year, a study said today against the backdrop of what it called a "fragile" peace in Asia.

India has added roughly 10 nuclear warheads for a total of 90 to 110 in 2012; Pakistan has increased its warheads by about 10 to between 100 and 120; and China now has 250 against 240 in 2012, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said in its annual report.

The study said India and Pakistan are also expanding their missile delivery capabilities.


In view of tensions between India and Pakistan, China and Japan, South Korea and North Korea and others, SIPRI finds the arms race all the more disturbing in view of what it called a "fragile" peace in Asia.

"While states have avoided direct conflict with each other and have stopped supporting insurgent movements on each other's territory, decades-old suspicions linger and economic integration has not been followed up with political integration," SIPRI said.

While the progress towards a global ban on cluster munitions stalled in 2012, it noted the decrease is due mainly to Russia and the US further reducing their inventories of strategic nuclear weapons.

The two old superpowers have cut their warheads, Russia reducing its number from 10,000 to 8,500, and the United States scaling back from 8,000 to 7,700.

The warheads controlled by France stayed at 300, while Britain's remained at 225, and Israel's at 80.

SIPRI, however, said the figures were to a large extent estimates, as the nuclear powers aren't equally transparent, China being totally opaque, and Russia gradually becoming less open.

It does not count North Korea and Iran as nuclear powers yet, as their respective programmes are still considered in their early stages.

All five legally recognised nuclear weapon states — China, France, Russia, the UK and the US — are either deploying new nuclear weapon delivery systems or have announced programmes to do so, and appear determined to retain their nuclear arsenals indefinitely, the report said.

Of the five, only China seems to be expanding its nuclear arsenal and SIPRI said and noted that China had overtaken Britain as the world's fifth largest arms exporter after the US, Russia, Germany and France.

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Britain's Prince William and his wife Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, pose in front of the Uluru...

Britain's Prince William and his wife Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, pose in front of the Uluru...

Britain's Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, (C) talks with Aboriginal women during a visit ...

Britain's Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, (C) talks with Aboriginal women during a visit ...

Libyan soldiers take positions during a training exercise directed by the Italian Army's ...

Libyan soldiers take positions during a training exercise directed by the Italian Army's ...

Students from Danwon high school pay tribute in Ansan, at a temporary group memorial altar ...

Students from Danwon high school pay tribute in Ansan, at a temporary group memorial altar ...

Family members of a missing passenger of capsized passenger ship Sewol which sank last ...

Family members of a missing passenger of capsized passenger ship Sewol which sank last ...

A female orca, or killer whale, named Mika catches a sea lion pup along the shore of Punta ...

A female orca, or killer whale, named Mika catches a sea lion pup along the shore of Punta ...

Indianapolis, IN, USA; Indiana Pacers guard George Hill (3) takes a shot against the Atlanta ...

Indianapolis, IN, USA; Indiana Pacers guard George Hill (3) takes a shot against the Atlanta ...

Jon Bon Jovi walks through the lobby of the JBJ Soul Homes during the grand opening, Tuesday ...

Jon Bon Jovi walks through the lobby of the JBJ Soul Homes during the grand opening, Tuesday ...

This image released by The Weinstein Company shows Keira Knightley, left, and Adam Levine in a scene

This image released by The Weinstein Company shows Keira Knightley, left, and Adam Levine in a scene

This image released by The Weinstein Company shows Marion Cotillard in a scene from 'The Immigrant.'

This image released by The Weinstein Company shows Marion Cotillard in a scene from 'The Immigrant.'

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bangalore - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523