Press Esc to close
Thursday 27 November 2014
News updated at 11:02 AM IST
Weather
Max: 0°C
Min : 0°C
In Bengaluru
Sunny day

Census data shows State set to reap demographic dividend

Bangalore, Vijesh Kamath, Sept 12, 2013, DHNS:

Largest age group between 'productive' 20 and 29 years

Karnataka’s population is reaching its prime with the largest age group in the State being between 20 years and 29 years. Demographers point out that this would help in yielding rich dividends in terms of work productivity.

A whopping 1.18 crore people, or 19.35 per cent of the population, are in the age group of 20-29 years, according to the latest ‘single year age data’ released by the Office of Registrar General and Census Commissioner.

The total population of the State as per the 2011 census is 6.1 crore.


Calculations done by Deccan Herald on the data for Karnataka reveals that 3.34 crore people, or 54.64 per cent of the population, are in the working age group of 20 years to 60 years.

The percentage of population above 60 years is 9.42 per cent and that between zero and 20 years is 35.75 per cent.

“It is very good for Karnataka. More number of adult members in the working age in the population pool helps in productivity and overall growth of the State. We call it demographic advantage, or demographic dividend,” said K S James, Professor and Head, Population Research Centre, Institute for Social and Economic Change.

The demographic dividend could be achieved following a drop in the fertility rates and reduction in child and infant mortality rates, he pointed out. The largest segment of population of productive working age means that there are fewer younger dependents and fewer older generations, resulting in less strain on families, James said.

Rapid economic growth

Demographic experts point out that with effective public policies, demographic dividend can help in achieving rapid economic growth.

Another interesting aspect revealed by the single year age data is that a large section of the population approximate their age to the nearest multiple of five. For instance, while 4.8 lakh people gave their age as 49 years during the census enumeration process, as many as 12.9 lakh gave their age as 30 years. A cursory glance at the year-wise age data shows that there are peaks at every five years — 20, 25, 30, 35  —  and so on.
“It is called age humping and is a reporting problem during the evaluation process. It can be eliminated by taking averages over five or 10 year age groups,” James said.

For the record, as many as 22,757 gave their age as 100 years. The maximum number of people in the 0-100 year age spectrum is 30 years — as many as 17.19 lakh people gave their age as 30 to the enumerator followed by 40 years (16.38 lakh people).

Age group    percentage
(in years)    of population


0 - 9    16.83
10-19    18.92
20-29    19.35
30-39    15.37
40-49    12.02
50-59    7.92
60-69    5.85
70-79    2.59
80-89    0.811
90-99    0.17

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
It is business as usual in Leopold Cafe on the eve of the anniversary ...

It is business as usual in Leopold Cafe on the eve of the anniversary ...

England's captain Alastair Cook (R) talks with his teammate Ravi Bopara...

England's captain Alastair Cook (R) talks with his teammate Ravi Bopara...

Models pose with a car during the inauguration of the Lamborghini showroom...

Models pose with a car during the inauguration of the Lamborghini showroom...

Women from the Delhi police force, undergo martial arts training...

Women from the Delhi police force, undergo martial arts training...

Indian tennis player Sania Mirza blows whistle to joins campaign...

Indian tennis player Sania Mirza blows whistle to joins campaign...

Children rights activist Baburaj, Good Sheperd High School headmistress ...

Children rights activist Baburaj, Good Sheperd High School headmistress ...

A Sun Bird sits on a branch of Jacaranda flower tree...

A Sun Bird sits on a branch of Jacaranda flower tree...

BJP MP'S meeting in Parliament house...

BJP MP'S meeting in Parliament house...

Bipasha Basu and Milind Soman at Pinkathon announcement

Bipasha Basu and Milind Soman at Pinkathon announcement

Modi with BJP leaders at an election rally in Jharkhand

Modi with BJP leaders at an election rally in Jharkhand

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bengaluru - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523