Press Esc to close
Tuesday 26 July 2016
News updated at 9:28 PM IST
Weather
Max: 30.3°C
Min : 20.4°C
In Bengaluru
Sunny day

India blocks Colgate patents for spices

New Delhi, July 19, 2015, DHNS:

MNC had filed two claims with European authority

Colgate-Palmolive.

India has successfully blocked two patent claims of US consumer goods major Colgate-Palmolive, which wanted intellectual property right (IPR) cover on two oral compositions made from Indian spices and other herbs.

One patent battle took almost seven years, after the New York-based company filed a claim at the European Patent Register on September 29, 2008, for a composition containing botanical extracts from three herbs, including cinnamon, a common kitchen spice across India, known here as “dalchini”.

India opposed the claim using the traditional knowledge digital library (TKDL) database, created in the last decade to fight biopiracy.

The database, maintained by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), submitted its plea in May 2011, and the European patent office ruled in India’s favour last month.

Two years after filing the first patent claim, Colgate-Palmolive moved another application in 2010 before the European patent office, seeking protection for another oral composition containing nutmeg, ginger, “Bakul” tree, camphor, cinnamon, turmeric, Indian banyan, black pepper, long pepper, Neem and clove. The solution is for treating oral cavity diseases.

This, too, was challenged in June 2014 by TKDL, which showed to the patent examiner there was no novelty in the Colgate claims as ancient Indian texts mention use of extracts from these plants for the same disorders. The claim was rejected this March.

“We identified about 1,500 cases of biopiracy, out of which about 200 have been checked by patent examiners. We won about 180 out of these 200 cases. There are another 1,300-odd cases to be fought,” V K Gupta, former director of the TKDL group in CSIR, told Deccan Herald.

The first case against Colgate was initiated during his tenure.

The digital database, containing Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha formulations, and known medicinal properties of Indian herbs, was created following India’s successful IPR battles on haldi (turmeric), neem and Basmati rice.

The Union Commerce Ministry spent Rs 7.61 crore in 2000 as legal fee to reverse a patent examiner’s decision on basmati rice. “Going by that standard, the TKDL has saved upwards of Rs 500 crore so far, and more to come. In the next step, the government should not only add many more ancient books to the TKDL database but also incorporate knowledge from manuscripts,” said Gupta, who retired in 2013.

Besides Colgate, the other big players who bit the TKDL bullets are Nestle, L’Oreal, Avasthagen, Ranbaxy and Unilever.


Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Army personnel pay tribute to jawans who died in Kargil War on Kargil Vijay Diwas in Kozhikode on ..

Army personnel pay tribute to jawans who died in Kargil War on Kargil Vijay Diwas in Kozhikode on ..

Specially abled kids from Om Creations Trust (NGO) make handcrafted rakhis as part of a campaign ...

Specially abled kids from Om Creations Trust (NGO) make handcrafted rakhis as part of a campaign ...

Punjab Police and BSF Jawans patrol after they captured suspected terrorists in Jalandhar's Khurla..

Punjab Police and BSF Jawans patrol after they captured suspected terrorists in Jalandhar's Khurla..

A couple carry their mother Runuka Devi on a palanquin to Gola Gokarannath from Kachla Ganga Ghaat..

A couple carry their mother Runuka Devi on a palanquin to Gola Gokarannath from Kachla Ganga Ghaat..

Police fire tear gas shells to disperse the rally, taken out from downtown city, on way to Lal ...

Police fire tear gas shells to disperse the rally, taken out from downtown city, on way to Lal ...

Members of National Human Rights and crime control organisation paying tributes to the soldiers ...

Members of National Human Rights and crime control organisation paying tributes to the soldiers ...

Policemen stands guard at Budshah Chowk after the 17-day old curfew was lifted in Srinagar on ...

Policemen stands guard at Budshah Chowk after the 17-day old curfew was lifted in Srinagar on ...

Vendors sell fruit at M A Road after curfew was lifted after 17-day in Srinagar on Tuesday...

Vendors sell fruit at M A Road after curfew was lifted after 17-day in Srinagar on Tuesday...

Legendary Santoor player Pandit Shivkumar Sharma being felicitated during an event...

Legendary Santoor player Pandit Shivkumar Sharma being felicitated during an event...

Members of the Indian archery team, the first to reach Brazil for the upcoming Olympics...

Members of the Indian archery team, the first to reach Brazil for the upcoming Olympics...

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bengaluru - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523