Press Esc to close
Thursday 28 August 2014
News updated at 2:51 AM IST
Weather
Max: 28°C
Min : 20.2°C
In Bangalore
Generally cloudy

NIO breeds endangered yellow seahorses successfully

Panaji, Mar 9 (PTI)

Yellow seahorses have been successfully bred in captivity at Goa-based ocean research laboratory, which will help the aqua farming of this endangered species.

Yellow Seahorse

Yellow Seahorse"Successful life cycle experiment of yellow seahorse will help to facilitate the development of small-scale aquaculture farms by seahorse fishermen, as a viable alternative to capturing wild seahorses and conservation initiatives," scientists at the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) said.

The experiment which began in late 2008 at NIO's Aqua Nursing Home was successfully closed in February 2010, after the first batch of F2 generation juveniles of seahorses were observed after 382 days of growth.

"The significance of this research in completely closing the life cycle of this endangered seahorse species opens up avenues for commercial aquaculture and conservation initiatives," a senior NIO scientist said.


The researchers say that seahorses are a fascinating and remarkable group of fishes with their unusual body shape and their biology, with males incubating the fertilized eggs in a brood pouch.

The NIO website mentions that at least 25 million seahorses are traded annually for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), as aquarium fish and curios and nearly 77 countries and territories are involved in the seahorse trade.

"India was contributing to about 30 per cent of global seahorse trade until 2001 and now all species of seahorses have been brought under the schedule I of the Wild Life Act, 1972 to prohibit exploitation," a scientist said.

The oceanic yellow seahorse, Hippocampus kuda (Bleeker, 1852), is widely distributed throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific region inhabiting shallow shore habitats such as mangroves, sea grass beds and estuaries, the NIO website says.

"It is one of the most heavily traded seahorse species in many Southeast Asian countries for TCM and its conservation status is currently listed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as 'vulnerable'," it adds.

As per the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), all species of seahorses have been placed under Appendix II which states that captive breeding could be undertaken for stock enhancement programme and aquaculture purposes.

NIO said that several attempts to culture seahorses for successive generations under captivity in the recent past have met with limited success as a result of severe problems of mass mortality and low growth rates due to inadequate nutrition and disease.

Scientists said that improved seahorse husbandry and rearing could help reduce pressure on wild populations, by ensuring that those in captivity live longer and by creating the possibility of trade.

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Abhishek Bachchan posing next to the Pro Kabbadi League trophy in Bengaluru ...

Abhishek Bachchan posing next to the Pro Kabbadi League trophy in Bengaluru ...

Imran Khan  supporter waves national and party flags during what has been dubbed a 'freedom march ..

Imran Khan supporter waves national and party flags during what has been dubbed a 'freedom march ..

England's Ben Stokes fails to get to a catch during the second ODI against India ...

England's Ben Stokes fails to get to a catch during the second ODI against India ...

Narendra Modi in a meeting with President of Asian Development Bank, Takehiko Nakao in New Delhi ...

Narendra Modi in a meeting with President of Asian Development Bank, Takehiko Nakao in New Delhi ...

Family members mourn during cremation procession of Lance Naik Dhananjay Kumar who was killed ...

Family members mourn during cremation procession of Lance Naik Dhananjay Kumar who was killed ...

Crowd during cremation procession of Lance Naik Dhananjay Kumar who was killed in an encounter ...

Crowd during cremation procession of Lance Naik Dhananjay Kumar who was killed in an encounter ...

Britain's Deputy PM Nick Clegg during the inauguration of the United Kingdom India Business ...

Britain's Deputy PM Nick Clegg during the inauguration of the United Kingdom India Business ...

Dhoni is bowled by England's Chris Woakes during their second one-day international cricket match ..

Dhoni is bowled by England's Chris Woakes during their second one-day international cricket match ..

MS Dhoni bails fly as he is clean bowled by England's Chris Jordan ...

MS Dhoni bails fly as he is clean bowled by England's Chris Jordan ...

A Lord Ganesha idol decorated with 'Laddus at famous Moti Doongari temple in Jaipur ...

A Lord Ganesha idol decorated with 'Laddus at famous Moti Doongari temple in Jaipur ...

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bangalore - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523