Shifting landscapes

Last Updated 17 January 2011, 11:45 IST
Shifting landscapes

In the seemingly arid landscape along the National Highway 4 between Bangalore and Tumkur, there lies a stretch of thick forest and a series of hills that sometimes reminds one of the rich greenery and the slopes of Sahyadris.

Moving off the highway near Tumkur towards the temple atop the hill at Devarayanadurga, I was surprised to see the boring and wide open highway make way to a leafy stretch of road with dense packs of trees on both sides. The winding road took me to a small perennial spring—Namada Chilume—in the heart of the forest.

The spring water trickles from a depression on a big rock and flows down to fill a pond just below. Legends attribute the spring’s origin to Lord Rama. Rama needed drops of water to smear a nama on his forehead and decided to extract it by shooting an arrow into the rock. A spring emerged from the rock and was called Namada Chilume.

The area around Namada Chilume is a leafy stretch with an enclosure that serves as a deer park. Across the park is a small rocky hillock with a mantapa, which offers views of the forest and the hills around the spring.

In the view from the mantapa are hills covered with shrub vegetation at their base and tall boulders higher up. In the early days of January, when the trees are ready to shed leaves, the landscape occasionally sees a dazzle of yellow and red – as good that the fall colours can get in the tropics. To the east is Devarayanadurga, the tallest hill in the view with a 150-years old temple at the top.

The foundation of Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple at Devarayanadurga is credited to Hoysala kings. Its current structure is attributed to the Wodeyar Kings of Mysore. Our road from Namada Chilume to Devarayanadurga meandered through a thick shrub forest as we drove through some steep climbs and switch-backs before arriving at Durgadahalli village just below the temple.

Climbing further to the peak and standing atop Devarayanadurga, nothing blocked my view all the way to the horizon as I looked at the villages on the plains to the east. The northern side of my view had a range of hills that tapered away gently into the plains.

Lakes of various sizes glittered in the early morning sun all along the plains, standing out amidst the thin winter fog that hid the details of the landscapes. To the south, a sharp rocky ledge jutted out in the hazy weather as the sun rays filtered through the fog and selectively brightened its half-dome-like peak an  unusually sharp summit pointing towards the sky.

Asia’s second largest monolith

A series of hills decorate the landscape around Devarayanadurga. A thirty-minute drive further north took me to Madhugiri town dominated by a tall rocky hill, whose slopes are criss-crossed by several layers of fort walls.

Madhugiri hill is at an elevation of 3,930 feet and is the second largest monolith in Asia. The first work on Madhugiri fort dates back to Ganga kings, while the walls remaining today are credited to a local chieftain named Heere Gowda, a feudal of the Vijayanagar Empire. Since the collapse of the empire, the fort was administered by Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan and later by the Mysore Wodeyars. It is currently managed by Archaeological Survey of India.

Having made an impulsive decision to go up the hill, I climbed slow and easy. I paused to look at a bastion that offered vista of the town, observed a waterway that filled up a tank in the fort, and stopped to take a good look at the fort walls and store-houses built along the way.

Deceptively easy to scale

The initial climb is through grassy slopes that soon changes into steep rocky surface with nothing more than small etchings on the rock that served as supporting footsteps. Although the climb cannot be called an activity that needs climbing skills, it was steep enough that I was occasionally forced to crawl up through slippery sections.

Standing at the foothill earlier, the climb to the peak appeared like an easy affair that may take no more than thirty minutes at the most. But the deceptive fort walls built along the slopes hide the actual peak from the view, making it look like an easy climb. Several times, I expected the peak to appear just across the next layer of fort wall, only to realise when I reached there, that it is a long way further.

As I climbed the slope, I also became aware of the landscape around the fort, with hills dotting the surroundings and wide sprawl of lakes between them. Assisted by patches of clouds that blocked the sun, light and shadow alternated on the peaks, selectively highlighting some and subduing their neighbours. It must have taken me more than two hours to reach the top and go through the last of the fort wall.

Located on the top are shelters built of stone that could house a few hundred people, perhaps meant to house the soldiers who guarded the fort. Standing on top of one of those shelters, I was blessed with the views that made up for the effort of the climb.

A series of hills marked the western landscape, dominated by a narrow and rocky peak projecting nearly as high as my platform. A thin road bisected through the hills leading somewhere into their heart and beyond. The afternoon haze limited my views but the contour of the distant hills looked beautiful enough for me to make a note to come back here again for an early morning visit. These hills along the Bangalore-Tumkur highway have many surprises, a lot of greenery and a rich history waiting to be explored.

Getting there

To reach Devarayanadurga, take NH4 out of Bangalore and drive till you exit through the toll gate near Tumkur. Turn right a little ahead of the toll gate the drive for another 20km to get to Devarayanadurga. This road takes you through Namada Chilume. Madhugiri Fort is another 30-minute drive from Devarayanadurga.

(Published 17 January 2011, 11:45 IST)

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