Financial institutions have not changed their behaviour: Obama

President Barack Obama smiles while responding to questions during a news conference in the East Room of the White House in Washington on Wednesday. AP"One of the success stories of the past six months is that we really have seen stabilisation in the financial system. It is not where it needs to be. But people are no longer talking about the financial system falling off a cliff. We've stepped away from the brink," Obama told reporters at a prime time White House press conference.

The president observed that's important because it means lot of companies right now can go into the marketplace and borrow money to fund inventory, fund payroll, and that will help the economy grow as a whole.

"Now that the financial system has bounced back, what you're seeing is that banks are starting to make profits again. Some of them have paid back the federal aid money that they received, the bank bailout money that they received. And we expect more of them to pay this back. That's a good thing," Obama noted.

Observing that it's a good thing that banks are profitable again and have reserves in place and can lend, Obama said: "This is America, so if you're profitable in the free market system, then you benefit."

"But what we haven't seen, I think, is the kind of change in behaviour and practices on Wall Street that would ensure that we don't find ourselves in a fix again, where we've got to bail out these folks while they're taking huge risks and taking huge bonuses," he said.

Obama argued that there is need to pass financial regulatory reform and pushing for it, he said "if we don't pass financial regulatory reform, then banks are going to go back to the same things that they were doing before."

"In some ways, it could be worse because now they know that the federal government may think that they're too big to fail. And so if they're unconstrained they could take even more risks," Obama observed.

"There are a number of elements of financial regulatory reform. With respect to compensation, I'd like to think that people would feel a little remorse and feel embarrassed and would not get million-dollar or multimillion-dollar bonuses.

"But if shame does not work, then I think one proposal that I put forward is to make sure that at least shareholders of these companies know what their executives are being compensated. And that may force some reductions," he said.

Outlining set of rules framed by his administration for banks, Obama said they are still receiving taxpayers' assistance and his administration will give them some control on reducing unwarranted compensation.

"I think, at minimum, what we want to do is to make sure to the extent that federal government is going to have a backstop just like the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). The reason that when you put your deposits in your bank, you can have confidence that they're insured, that's paid for through bank fees," he said.

"We may need to make sure that there is a similar mechanism in place for some of these other far-out transactions. So if you guys want to do them, then you have got to put something into the kitty to make sure that if you screw up, it's not taxpayer dollars that have to pay for it, but it's dollars coming out of your profits," Obama said.

Hitting hard at the financial institutions, determined looking president said the reason the economy was badly hit was because Wall Street took extraordinary risks with other people's money. They were peddling loans that they knew could never be paid back.

"They were flipping those loans and leveraging those loans and higher and higher mountains of debt were being built on loans that were fundamentally unsound. And all of us now are paying the price," Obama alleged.

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