What's the buzz.............

What's the buzz.............

Unbalanced diet puts teens at disease risk

Health officials have warned that teenage girls are facing the risk of illnesses like cancer, heart disease, strokes and diabetes in later life by eating fewer than three servings of fruit and vegetables every day.

According to a report backed by the UK Department of Health, just one in 13 teenage girls eats the recommended “five a day” portions of fruit and vegetables.
Almost half do not eat enough iron, an essential nutrient found in red meat, nuts and some vegetables that helps fight infection.

And their diets are too high in saturated fat, which can lead to high levels of cholesterol causing strokes and heart attacks.

Boys eat an average three portions of fruit and veg a day compared with 2.7 for girls.
Chief Medical Officer Professor Dame Sally Davies warned that poor eating habits in childhood could increase problems in later life.

“It is really important that teenagers eat a balanced diet – including eating five portions of fruit and veg a day.  

Breastfeeding babies for 6 months cuts asthma risk

A new study has suggested that feeding a baby on only breast milk and for up to 6 months after birth can reduce their risk of developing asthma-related symptoms in early childhood.

Dr Agnes Sonnenschein-van der Voort from the Generation R Study, Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands used questionnaires to gather data from over 5,000 children.
They ascertained in the first 12 months after birth whether the children had ever been breastfed, when breastfeeding was stopped, and whether any other milk or solids were introduced.

Further questionnaires were completed when the children were aged 1, 2, 3 and 4 years to check whether they had any asthma-related symptoms.

The results showed that children who had never been breastfed had an increased risk of wheezing, shortness of breath, dry cough and persistent phlegm during their first 4 years, compared to children who were breastfed for more than 6 months.

Children who were fed other milk or solids during their first 4 months in addition to breast milk had an increased risk of wheezing, shortness of breath, dry cough and persistent phlegm during the first 4 years, compared to children who were exclusively breastfed for their first 4 months.

While previous studies have shown a similar effect between breastfeeding and asthma risk, this research is the first that showed a link between the length of breastfeeding and the number of wheezing episodes.

Obesity accelerates cirrhosis progression, suggests study

An NIH-funded multicenter study has suggested that obesity accelerates cirrhosis progression.

Researchers from US and Europe have found that increased body mass index (BMI) is an independent predictor of clinical decompensation in patients with compensated cirrhosis, independent of portal pressure and liver function.

The findings suggest obesity accelerates cirrhosis progression and measures to reduce BMI could improve the prognosis for patients with advanced liver disease.
Prior studies have shown that obesity is a frequent cause of chronic liver disease that can progress to cirrhosis, and estimated that 17 percent of liver cirrhosis is attributable to excess body weight.

“Given the prior evidence of the detrimental effects of obesity on chronic liver disease, we hypothesized that increased BMI may increase the risk of transition from compensated to decompensated cirrhosis,” Dr Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Professor of Medicine at Yale University School of Medicine in Connecticut, said.

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