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Take care of your child’s foot and ankle

Foot and ankle problems in kids often go unnoticed due to subtle signs and symptoms.
Experts from American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons have listed five warning signs for parents to look for. If the child lags behind in sports or backyard play, it may be because their feet or legs are tired. Fatigue is common when children have flat feet.

If the kids hesitate to participate in activities they usually enjoy, it may be due to heel pain. It often occurs in children between the ages of 8 and 14. Children may feel pain or notice a change in the appearance of their feet or nails but don’t tell their parents because they fear a trip to the doctor’s office. Calluses, growths, skin discolouration, or redness and swelling around the toenails may help parents to detect the problem.
Repeated clumsiness may be a sign of in-toeing, balance problems or neuromuscular conditions.

It is never normal for a child to have foot pain. Injuries may seem minor, but if pain or swelling last more than a few days, have your child’s foot examined.
The experts claim that child’s foot and ankle should be promptly examined and treated.

Housewives prone to heart diseases

Housewives are at an increased risk of suffering from heart disease and strokes as compared to women who go to work, a new study has shown. And experts blame the more sedentary lifestyles of ladies who stay at home, as they are more likely to smoke, be less educated, drink more, be overweight and suffer from depression — all contributory factors.

Now, in the latest study, researchers from the University of North Carolina studied 7,000 women aged 45 to 64 to see if there was a link between employment status, coronary heart diseases and strokes. From analyses, they found that women employed outside the home had a lower risk.

Sugar substitutes help control weight

A new study has shown that consuming sugar-free beverages sweetened with low-calorie sweeteners increases  dietary restraint, a key aspect of successful weight maintenance. For the study, researchers analysed calorie, protein, carbohydrate, fat and beverage intake, as well as the dietary restraint of over 300 individuals.

“Our findings suggest that the use of artificially sweetened beverages may be an important weight control strategy among WLM (weight loss maintainers),” the researchers said.

“The current study suggests that WLM use more dietary strategies to accomplish their WLM, including greater restriction of fat intake, use of fat and sugar modified foods, reduced consumption of caloric beverages and increased consumption of artificially sweetened beverages,” they added.

It found that consumers of sugar substitutes had significantly greater weight loss compared with participants who did not consume sugar substitutes.

Immune system and bone loss

Researchers at the University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) have shed light on the role that the body’s immune system plays in bone loss. Researchers  say that their findings may pave the way for new immune-based approaches for treating osteoporosis, the disease that causes fragile bones and increases the risk of fractures, resulting in lost independence and mobility.

The researchers highlight the fact that scientists have long recognised the relationship between high cholesterol and osteoporosis, but pinpointing the exact mechanism connecting the two has proved elusive.

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