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While treatment of severe gestational diabetes is known to benefit mothers and infants, this study has provided the first conclusive evidence that treating the mild form of the condition is also beneficial.
During the study, the researchers observed that babies born to women treated for mild gestational diabetes were smaller, leaner, and less likely to be overweight or abnormally large. The researchers say that such babies were also less likely to experience shoulder dystocia, an emergency condition in which the baby’s shoulder becomes lodged inside the mother’s body during birth.
According to them, treated mothers were also less likely to undergo cesarean delivery, to develop high blood pressure during pregnancy, or to develop preeclampsia, a life-threatening complication of pregnancy that can lead to maternal seizures and death.

Soybean could prevent cancer
Soybeans contain high levels of several health-beneficial compounds including tocopherols which have antioxidant properties and can be used in the treatment or prevention of heart disease and cancer.
These molecules can be used in the development of functional foods, which have specific health-beneficial properties. Tocopherols exist in four forms (a, ß, g, and d) of which g-tocopherol is found in greatest concentration in soybeans. However, a-tocopherol has the greatest antioxidant activity, and is the form converted to vitamin E in the human body. Thus, most interest for soybean tocopherols resides in a-tocopherol.

Women sleep better than men
Elderly women sleep better than elderly men even though women consistently report that their sleep is shorter and poorer, says a new study.
The study found that women reported less and poorer sleep than men on all of the subjective measures, including a 13.2 minute shorter total sleep time (TST), 10.1 minute longer sleep onset latency (SOL), and a 4.2 per cent lower sleep efficiency. When sleep was measured objectively, however, women slept 16 minutes longer than men, had a 1.2 per cent higher sleep efficiency, and had less fragmented sleep.
Multivariate regression analysis showed that these discrepancies were partly explained by determinants of sleep duration such as sleep medication use and alcohol consumption.
Henning Tiemeier, Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam, Netherlands, said he was surprised that women slept longer and better, and reported their sleep duration more accurately, than men.

Superbugs in hospital keyboards
Computer equipment being used in a hospital may harbour pathogenic organisms, including MRSA, say Taiwanese researchers. Yen-hsu Chen, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, studied IT equipment in a 1,600-bed medical Centre in southern Taiwan with 47 wards and 282 computers.
“Most hospital computer devices are not waterproof. Clinically, A baumannii, P aeruginosa, and MRSA cause the most common nosocomial infections, and their presence correlates with environmental surface contamination. We screened 282 computer stations, looking for these bacteria and other, less dangerous, species,” he said.

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