Tough talk has little effect on Maoists in eastern states


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Top Maoist leader Koteswar Rao alias Kisenji has refused to forsake the gun and violence even after Union Home Minister P Chidambaram warned that as long as the ultras continued to believe in an armed liberation struggle the police would go after them.

"The Naxalites emerged in West Bengal in the late 1960s when India had problems with China," an expert on Maoists, Lt Gen (retd) R Mukherjee said.

Maoists followed hit and run policy of Mao Tse Tung and it is difficult to combat them with traditional organised forces as evidenced in Lalgarh in West Midnapore district, a senior police official said.

Even state Home Secretary Ardhendu Sen went on record to state that anti-Maoist operations in Lalgarh by central paramiltary and state police forces were below expectations.

"There was a time when China was ideologically close to us because they believed in the same form of society which we believe in. But in the last 30 years they have moved closer to a capitalist form of government. Naturally there is no question of taking of financial or any other kind of aid from China," Maoist leader Kishneji said.

The Naxalite movement started when an extremist section of CPI(M)) led by Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal attacked the police on May 25, 1967 in Naxalbari village in North Bengal after a farmer was killed by miscreants over a land dispute.

The same year the Naxalites organised the All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (AICCCR), and later broke away from CPI(M).
Today the Maoists are active in Lalgarh, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum districts in West Bengal.

From 2002 onwards Maoists have been infiltrating from Jharkhand and Orissa to West Midnapore particularly in areas like Belpahari, Kantapahari and Banspahari.
In Orissa, 17 0f 30 districts are Maoist hit, in Jharkhand 20 of the 24 districts while in Bihar 30 out of 38 districts, according to official sources.

In Bihar on February 9 this year, ten policemen, including some from the Special Auxiliary police, were killed in an ambush in Nawada district.

More recently on August 22, four policemen including an assistant sub-inspector were killed by Maoists in Jamui district.

It was the same in Orissa where 10 CISF personnel were killed in an attack by Maoists at NALCO's bauxite mines in Damanjodi on April 12, while 11 other security personnel died in a landmine explosion in the third week of June this year in Narayanpatna in Koraput district.

A top former Jharkhand police officer, who did not wish to be named was sceptical about the Centre's plans to tackle Maoists with the IAF given permission to retaliate if attacked.

"Unnecessary needling may result in spurt in naxal violence," he said.
A former DGP of Orissa, S N Tiwari, echoed him.

"The situation is grim. Day by day it is becoming difficult," he said.

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