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Sunbeds increase skin cancer risk

Sunbeds are increasingly putting children at risk of skin cancer, according to experts.

Researchers have estimated that a quarter of a million 11-17 year olds in England have chances of developing malignant melanoma by using sunbeds.

Catherine Thomson from Cancer Research UK and Chris Twelves from Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine & St James’s University Hospital in Leeds, have suggested a formation of an urgent legislation to stop children in England from using sunbeds.
The researchers realised the urgency of the situation after assessing two studies carried out by Cancer Research UK which included over 9,000 children aged 11-17 in England.

The first, a national prevalence study of 3,101 children, established that six per cent of 11-17 year olds had used a sunbed, the average age of first use being just 14.
Similarly, in the second study of 6,209 children in six cities, sunbed use was highest in Liverpool and Sunderland, reaching 51 per cent and 48 per cent respectively among 15-17 year old girls, with over 40 per cent using them weekly.

Obesity linked to multiple sclerosis

Obese teenage women are two times more likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) as adults than female teens who are not fat, says a new study.

The research involved 2,38,371 women from the Nurses’ Health Study and Nurses’ Health Study II who were 25 to 55 years old. The women answered a questionnaire about their health behaviour and medical information every two years. Over the course of 40 years, 593 developed MS.

More pain,
more gain

The popular saying “more pain, more gain” might hold some truth for people suffering from chronic pain, for a new study has revealed that aggressive physiotherapy programme often leads to far better results than a more cautious pain-free approach.

The research team from Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at Bethesda Hospital in The Netherlands has found that nearly half those who were given the painful treatment recovered normal physical function, whereas those who avoided painful physiotherapy usually had further loss of physical function.

Type I Complex Regional Pain Syndrome chronic progressive disease characterised by severe pain, swelling and changes in the skin. The cause of this syndrome is currently unknown.

Although CRPS may follow injury and surgery, this is not always the case.
During the study, researchers looked at 106 patients suffering severe physical impairments from CRPS Type I, which does not involve nerve lesions (unlike Type II).
They found that almost all the patients improved significantly when subjected to a rehabilitation programme involving graded pain exposure.

Green tea helps fight oral cancer

Green tea extract has been found effective in preventing oral cancer, say researchers at The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Centre.

Green tea is rich in polyphenols, which have been known to inhibit carcinogenesis in preclinical models.

“While still very early, and not definitive proof that green tea is an effective preventive agent, these results certainly encourage more study for patients at highest risk for oral cancer,” said Dr Vassiliki Papadimitrakopoulou, the study’s senior author.

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