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Alcohol linked to child behaviour

Mums-to-be who consume high levels of alcohol in late pregnancy are likely to give birth to aggressive kids, a new study has revealed.

The research team from Perth’s Telethon Institute for Child Health Research suggests that the amount and timing of alcohol consumption in pregnancy affects child behaviour in different ways.

“Mothers who reported what we would classify as heavy drinking in the first trimester of pregnancy were nearly three times as likely to report that their child suffered with anxiety and/or depression or somatic complaints,” said lead author Colleen O’Leary.

“Those who drank moderately during that first trimester were twice as likely to report those types of behavioural issues for their child.”

“Exposure to moderate or heavy levels of alcohol in late pregnancy increased the risk of aggressive types of behaviours in the child.”

“This research suggests that both the timing and the intensity of alcohol exposure in the womb affect the type of behaviour problems expressed,” she added.

One out of five diabetics morbidly obese

One out of every five Type 2 diabetes patients is morbidly obese, a new US study has claimed.

The study conducted by Loyola University Health System has found that 62.4 per cent of US adults with Type 2 diabetes are obese, while 20.7 per cent are morbidly obese.

Among African American adults with Type 2 diabetes, 1 in 3 is morbidly obese, the study showed.

Dr Holly Kramer, associate professor in the department of medicine, Division of Nephrology at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, who headed the study, said: “The rate of morbid obesity among people with diabetes is increasing at a very alarming rate, and this has substantial public health implications.”

Mood-altering drugs linked to falls among elderly

A new study has found that sedatives often prescribed as sleep aids and medications used to treat mood disorders might be behind increasing number of falls in elderly.

Falling and fall-related complications such as hip fractures are the fifth leading cause of death in the developed world.

The anti-depressants have been found to have strongest association with falling, possibly because older drugs in this class have significant sedative properties.

Moreover, anti-psychotics/neuroleptics often used to treat schizophrenia and other psychoses and benzodiazepines such as valium were also significantly associated with falls.

“Elderly people may be more sensitive to drugs’ effects and less efficient at metabolising medications, leading to adverse events, which in turn lead to falls,” said principal investigator Carlo Marra.

“Safer alternatives, such as counselling, shorter-term or less-sedating therapies, may be more appropriate for certain conditions,” Marra added.

Flaxseed oil can reduce osteoporosis risk

A new study by researchers from Egypt suggests that the use of flaxseed oil in food could help reduce the risk of osteoporosis in post-menopausal and diabetic women.
Mer Harvi and his team at the National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt, experimented with 70 female albino rats — 30 out of which had had their ovaries removed (ovx) — to come up with their findings.

Thereafter, the rats were classified as control, sham, diabetic, diabetic received flaxseed oil in the diet, ovx, ovx-diabetic and ovx-diabetic received flaxseed oil in the diet.

After two months, the urine and blood samples of ovx and the diabetic ovx groups showed higher levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and the bone-creating protein osteocalcin. The non-ovx diabetic group had lower levels of these compounds.

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