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Although formula feeding has been the recommended strategy for preventing postnatal HIV transmission in developed countries for many years, researchers have recognized that this intervention is not feasible for many women in resource-limited countries.

During the study, lead researcher Dr Cécile Alexandra aimed of assessing the 9-month HIV-free survival of children with two strategies to prevent HIV mother-to-child transmission.

Awareness can help reduce skin infections
Education programs involving local people can have a significant impact on reducing skin infections in remote communities, a new study suggests. The study showed that a community-based treatment program in Northern Australia successfully reduced the number of Aboriginal children with skin infections.
As part of the program, annual treatment days for children with scabies and skin sores was scheduled. Information on skin hygiene was spread through house to house visits by local volunteers. It was noted that in three years time, the program led to the medication of more than 2000 children in several remote communities in East Arnhemland in the Northern Territory.
“Initially 46 percent of the kids had skin sores, but the end of the program the number of children with skin sores had reduced by 14 percent,” ABC Science quoted Epidemiologist Dr Ross Andrews of Charles Darwin University in Darwin, as saying.

‘Treatments needed to tackle obesity’
Experts have urged to step up the efforts for developing drug treatments to tackle the obesity crisis.
According to Joseph Proietto, a professor of medicine at the University of Melbourne, it is believed that problem of obesity can be overcome by persuading people eat less and exercise more, however, that is not the case.
He insists although lifestyle modifications can help shed weight, this could lead to hormonal changes in the body that make people struggle to maintain their new size.
“Developing safe and effective drug therapies that can be used in conjunction with healthy diet and lifestyle may be essential if we are to really make inroads,” said Margaret Morris, a professor the University of NSW.

Key to staying slim- cereal for breakfast
Skipping breakfast will be of no help if you want to stay fit, instead, a bowl of wholegrain cereal first thing in the morning can ensure a trim and healthy body, concludes a study.

Researchers have found that porridge or muesli in breakfast not only helps shed pounds but keeps them off too. They have found that it stops people turning to fatty and sugary snacks later in the day.

One in five Britons has admitted that he or she skips breakfast, but researchers claim they are simply fooling themselves because the “starvation behaviour” makes them more likely to eat biscuits and cakes during the day.

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