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Women at higher risk of heart attacks than men

A new study has revealed that there are some significant differences between men’s and women’s hearts, and these differences may put women at a much higher risk for heart woes than their male counterparts.

The research by Dr. Janine Austin Clayton, director of the Office of Research on Women’s Health at the National Institutes of Health, revealed a dangerous difference in the symptoms men and women experience during a heart, CBS News reported.

The hallmark chest painis more likely to be felt by men than women, and the latter may experience less obvious symptoms like trouble sleeping, nausea, indigestion, fatigue and jaw pain.

The study showed that men and women have substantive, clinically important differences in their bodies in all of health, from how their organs are structured to how they function.One major difference is how the blood vessels of women with heart disease look compared to those of men.

Coronary heart disease is caused by plaque- made by cholesterol, fat and other substances- building up in the arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.

Clayton explained that in women, this buildup lines the walls of the blood vessels evenly- like the inside of a straw getting more narrow because the wall is thickening.However, in men, this plaque buildup can be more concentrated in one area, as if a section of the straw is pinched.

Ways to prevent risk of colorectal cancer revealed

Researchers have revealed few ways to help reduce and prevent risk of colorectal cancer-cancer of the colon or rectum affecting both men and women- which is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States.

“Before someone gets colon cancer, there is a precancerous polyp that can be removed”, Steven Itzkowitz, MD, Director of the Gastroenterology Fellowship Program at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, said. “Because polyps do not usually cause symptoms, it is important to go for screening even if you feel perfectly well”.

In addition to screening, diet and lifestyle changes can help reduce your risk for colorectal cancer. Experts offer few ways to help lower your chances. It has been advised that quitting smoking can help. Not only can smoking predispose a person to colon cancer, but it can also cause many others. Consider joining a smoking cessation group or ask your doctor for assistance.

Keep the weight down. Maintaining a healthy weight is critical. Incorporate simple lifestyle changes into your day: eat breakfast every morning, bring lunch to work, and order an appetizer instead of an entrée when eating out.

The experts revealed that one can lower their risk by increasing their activity level. Completing 150 to 300 minutes of physical activity a week, which is easily achieved in 20-30 minute increments daily, can help.

Increasing dietary fiber by having more fruits, vegetables and whole grains in your diet can help move waste material out of the body more efficiently. Swap out white rice, boxed mashed potatoes and pasta for brown rice, quinoa, faro or wheat berries.

Blood test might predict MS before symptoms appear

A new study has revealed that an antibody found in the blood of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be present long before the onset of the disease and its symptoms.“If our results can be replicated in larger populations, our findings may help to detect MS earlier in a subgroup of patients,” study author Viola Biberacher, MD, with Technical University in Munich, Germany, said.

“This finding also demonstrates that the antibody development to the KIR4.1 protein, a protein found in some people with MS, precedes the clinical onset of disease suggesting a role of the autoantibody in how the disease develops,” the researcher said.

For the study, 16 healthy blood donors who were later diagnosed with MS were compared to 16 healthy blood donors of the same age and sex who did not develop MS. Scientists looked for a specific antibody to KIR4.1. Samples were collected between two and nine months before the first symptoms of MS appeared.

In the study, KIR4.1 antibodies were found in the people with pre-clinical MS several years before the first clinical attack. Concentrations of the antibody varied at different time points during pre-MS in individual people.

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