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It causes stress on their heart and babies usually die within three or four days as a result of heart failure or hydrocephalus — water on the brain.
The research team at the Royal Hospital for Sick Children in Glasgow and Great Ormond Street Hospital in London are using glue to save the affected kids.
During the treatment a tissue adhesive called Histoacryl — similar to super glue — is injected through a catheter in the baby’s groin, which blocks the affected area of the brain.
Despite the condition being so rare, demand for the treatment is rising, say doctors.
Dr Stefan Brew, a consultant interventional neuro-radiologist, has treated about 50 children at Great Ormond Street Hospital with the glue procedure and says he still found carrying out the highly skilled procedure ‘incredibly stressful’.
“It’s very satisfying work. The children go from looking like they were about to die, often overnight, to looking very well,” said Brew.

Post-surgery blood clot riskier than thought
The risk of developing potentially fatal blood clot following a surgery is higher than previously believed and it lasts for a longer period, says a new study.
The risk of venous thromboembolism (a collective term for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) is known to increase after surgery, particularly after major orthopaedic (joint) surgery.
The new study holds significance as most patients receive preventive (anti-clotting) therapy only whilst in hospital, or for up to five weeks after certain high-risk operations.
And those undergoing day surgery are unlikely to be considered for preventive therapy at all.
An international team of researchers set out to examine the pattern of increased risk of venous thromboembolism over time and after different types of surgery.
Climate change impacts global mental health
Climate change can have an adverse effect on global mental health, according to experts.
Dr Lisa Page and Dr Louise Howard from the Institute of Psychiatry (IoP) at King’s College London climate change have claimed these effects will be felt most by those with pre-existing serious mental illness.
However, there is a possibility of an increase in the overall burden of mental disorder worldwide.
Their study points at records linking natural disasters, associated to climate change, with adverse psychiatric outcomes, like post-traumatic stress disorder, major depression and somatoform disorders.
The researchers further claimed as global temperatures increase, people with mental illness are witnessed to have been particularly vulnerable to heat-related death.
Other risk factors include psychotropic medication, pre-existing respiratory and cardiovascular disease and substance misuse, which are all highly prevalent in people with serious mental illness.
The study noted that psychological distress, anxiety and traumatic stress resulting from emerging infectious disease outbreaks are also likely to increase if the predicted outbreaks of serious infectious diseases become reality.

Girl sneezing 12,000 times a day suffering from PANDAS
An American girl, who sneezes up to 12,000 times a day, has been given an official diagnosis, with doctors saying that she is suffering from PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus).
According to WAVY-TV, Lauren Johnson, 12, from Virginia, had started sneezing constantly throughout the day after suffering a bad cold in November.
Doctors had referred to Lauren’s condition as ‘machine gun sneezing’, as the girl couldn’t go more than a few seconds without sneezing, and the only time she got relief was when she was asleep.
“Now we can actually treat it as something,” said Lauren.
She had been unable to attend school because of her sneezing fits, but is now starting to feel better after her doctor started her on a course of antibiotics.

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