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Pill that will stop dieters from feeling

Scientists have found a way to make people feel full, which will help them come up with a pill that will stop dieters from feeling hungry.

According to the researchers, an anti-appetite molecule called acetate may hold the key to finally winning the battle of the bulge for millions and will stop people bingeing and make them lose weight.

Professor David Lomas, chairman of the Medical Research Council’s Population and Systems Medicine Board, said that it’s becoming increasingly clear that the interaction between the gut and the brain plays a key role in controlling how much food we eat and using acetate to suppress appetite, may in future lead to new, non-surgical treatments for obesity.

The scientists have revealed that the anti-appetite molecule that is naturally produced when we digest fibre in the gut goes to the brain where it produces a signal to tell us to stop eating.

New research says mother’s diet impacts baby’s DNA

A new study has revealed that a mother’s diet before conception can permanently affect her child's genes function by affecting many aspects of its lifelong health.

Researchers from the MRC International Nutrition Group, based at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and MRC Unit, The Gambia, utilized a unique 'experiment of nature' in rural Gambia, where the population's dependence on own grown foods and a markedly seasonal climate impose a large difference in people's dietary patterns between rainy and dry seasons.

The scientists have found that a mother's diet before conception had a significant effect on the properties of her child's DNA and genes are expressed is controlled through 'epigenetic' modifications to the DNA.

According to the study, one such modification involves tagging gene regions with chemical compounds called methyl groups and results in silencing the genes. The addition of these compounds requires key nutrients including folate, vitamins B2, B6 and B12, choline and methionine.

Calcium intake food for African-American kids

A new study has found that African American children with a genetic predisposition to diabetes may be able to reduce their risk by getting the USDA-recommended dose of calcium.

“Even though life expectancy for people with diabetes has gone up, the disease has a significant impact on quality of life, so finding ways to prevent people from developing diabetes is critical,” Laura Tosi, M D, director of the bone health program at Children’s National Medical Center and one of the study’s lead investigators said.

An estimated 25 million people in the US have diabetes, or about 1 in 12 people. African Americans are at especially high risk, and the trajectory for the disease is often set in childhood.

Red wine is beneficial for healthy heart

Researchers now identified one of the molecular pathways that resveratrol — component of grapes and red wine — uses to reduce “bad cholesterol,” heart disease and some types of cancer.

Also found in blueberries, cranberries, mulberries, peanuts and pistachios, resveratrol is associated with beneficial health effects in aging, inflammation and metabolism.

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) found that resveratrol controls the body’s inflammatory response as a binding partner with the estrogen receptor without stimulating estrogenic cell proliferation, which is good news for its possible use as a model for drug design.

Kendall Nettles, a TSRI associate professor who led the study, said estrogen has beneficial effects on conditions like diabetes and obesity but may increase cancer risk.
The study has been published in the online journal eLife.

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