Symptoms of kidney disease you should not ignore

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are located on either side of the body, just underneath the ribcage.

The main role of the kidneys is to filter out waste products from the blood before converting it into urine.

There are two categories of kidney disease—acute and chronic.

Acute kidney disease is a temporary condition that usually does not cause permanent damage to the kidneys.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the term for kidney damage and decreased kidney function that is permanent.

Many people who have chronic kidney disease don't know it because the early signs can be very subtle. It can take many years for a person to develop kidney failure.

Knowing the symptoms of kidney disease can help you to reduce your chances of getting severe kidney problems and also to get the best treatment.

Approach your Nephrologist, if you have any of the following.

Changes in urination (foam, blood in urine, more frequency at night), swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, face, and/or hands, fatigue very quickly, frequent and severe itching due to the accumulation of waste in the body.

Foul taste in your mouth with loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss, short of breath, dizziness and inability to concentrate, feeling cold all the time.

Kidney transplant

When patients lose most of the function of their kidneys and have irreversible damage, this is called end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

When the kidney function falls to 10 to 15 per cent of normal capacity, dialysis or transplant is needed to survive.

Dialysis does not work as well as a normally functioning kidney on a long run. A kidney transplant then may be recommended for people with ESRD, a permanent condition of kidney failure that often requires dialysis.

Kidney Transplant is indicated for renal failure due to many causes, including, Hypertension, Diabetic nephropathy, Focal Segmental Glomerular Sclerosis (FSGS), among many others.

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from another person.

Post-op care

The surgery usually takes two to four hours.

After the operation, the treatment will begin immediately with medication (immunosuppressant’s) that prevents your immune system from rejecting your new kidney.

In around 70-80 per cent of people, their new kidney begins working immediately after the surgery who have a kidney transplant.

However, in some transplanted kidneys sometimes take up to six weeks to start working. Dialysis is required during this time.

Most people are fit enough to leave hospital after having kidney surgery.

The outcome of renal transplantation has steadily improved.

Acute rejection and early graft loss are becoming increasingly less common.

The benefits of transplantation are dialysis can be stopped with reversal of anaemia and bone disease due to kidney failure that leads to improved quality of life with normal diet and activity, relaxation of fluid restriction.

With good progress, you will be able to return to work and normal activities within a few months after your surgery.

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