SC notice to Centre on national court

SC notice to Centre on national court

The Supreme Court on Friday issued notice to the Centre on a plea for establishing a national court of appeal with benches in four regions of the country to deal with cases pertaining to matrimonial, rent control, labour, service and land acquisition, besides other issues.

A bench of Chief Justice H L Dattu and Justices S A Bobde and A M Sapre sought response from the Union government within two weeks on a PIL filed by Chennai-based advocate V Vasanthkumar.

The petitioner submitted that the apex court should only deal with cases involving constitutional issues, validity of Central and state laws, difference of opinion between the high courts or between the courts of appeal and presidential references, suits between states or states and the Centre, and writ petitions under Article 32 of the Constitution. 

He contended that since the country was spread over 3.29 million square km and inhabited by more than 120 crore people, it was essential to have benches in the northern, southern, eastern and western regions. He added that it was also difficult for people from far-off places to travel to Delhi to file cases in the Supreme Court.

The petitioner also contended that the matter was not considered even after 25 years of an SC judgment (in the 1986 Bihar Legal Society Vs Chief Justice of India case) which directed for establishment of a National Court of Appeal with regional benches in major cities in the country.