Oil takes another dive on OPEC report, US supplies

Oil takes another dive on OPEC report, US supplies

The price of oil has taken another dive, plunging to five-year lows amid mounting evidence that global supplies are far outstripping demand.

The US Energy Department yesterday reported a surprise increase in domestic oil inventories and OPEC projected that demand for its crude would sink next year to levels not seen in more than a decade.

Benchmark US crude slumped 4.5 per cent, or USD 2.88, to close at USD 60.94 a barrel yesterday. Prices have not been that low since July of 2009. US crude prices have fallen 17 per cent in two weeks and are now 43 per cent below the USD 107.26 that a barrel fetched at its peak this year.

Brent crude, an international benchmark used to price oil used in many US refineries, fell USD 1.95 to close at USD 64.24 in London.

Energy analyst and trader Stephen Schork said in an interview that he expects that the combination of weak economic news out of Asia and growing global supplies will push oil down further, to below USD 60, by the end of the week. "It's the proverbial 'trying to catch a falling dagger' and I'm not going to try to catch it," he said.

OPEC said yesterday that it expects demand for its crude to fall to 28.9 million barrels per day next year, 400,000 barrels per day less than in 2014. The cartel's official production target is 30 million barrels a day, which would mean far more oil on the world market than is being consumed.

Also yesterday, the Energy Department reported a surprise increase in US crude supplies of 1.5 million barrels last week. Analysts were expecting a decline of 2.2 million barrels. Gasoline stocks also increased more than expected.

Falling oil prices are making for sharply lower prices of gasoline, diesel, jet fuel and heating oil, giving consumers, shippers and airlines a lift.

Economists say lower gasoline prices act like a tax cut, leaving more money in consumers' pockets to spend on other things. The national average price of gasoline fell Wednesday to USD 2.64, according to AAA, saving drivers USD 1.05 per gallon compared to what they were paying in late June.

The Energy Department projected in a report Tuesday that gasoline will average USD 2.60 per gallon next year, 23 per cent below this year's projected average. If that comes to pass, it will save a typical household USD 550 next year.

Lower oil prices are taking their toll on oil producers, though, sending company shares plummeting and forcing companies to cut spending. BP said yesterday it would aim to cut costs by USD 1 billion next year, a move that would likely involve significant job cuts.

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