Coffee growers trapped by out-turn test

Coffee growers trapped by out-turn test

Memorandum submitted to DC

Most of the coffee growers in the hobli are complaining about low coffee rates, owing to the out-turn test. Coffee growers say, besides other problems in coffee cultivation, the sales of coffee has become a cumbersome task due to out-turn test. Hence, several growers are not getting the expected rates, while others have got more than the market rate.

Out-turn is the quantity of total produce obtained after processing. For instance, 50 kg of cherry coffee should yield 26.5 kg bean leaving behind the husk. Similarly, 100 grams of cherry coffee should yield 53 gm of bean to obtain the market value.

But, the growers question the genuineness of out-turn test. Even if a few beans are left out in the processing machine, the out-turn value will decrease, growers say.

The vendors maintain that there is no fault in conducting the out-turn test.
Hundred grams of coffee beans are picked as sample from four to five bags of coffee. If the measurement is accurate, the amount will be given to the grower according to the market rate. Else, it is inevitable to reduce the price.

Members of Farmers Welfare and Recreation Club of Nelaji village alleged that the vendors are harassing the growers, who have already suffered due to weather fluctuations and changing climatic conditions, under the guise of out-turn test. A memorandum has been submitted to the Deputy Commissioner and Coffee Board officials by the club.

Various coffee purchasing centers use various kinds of instruments for out-turn test and their decision is final. Still, the results vary from one center to the other.

Accurate information should be provided to the growers on the out-turn test and an uniform system of measurement should be implemented, club office-bearers urged.

The Nelaji Farmers Club has urged the government to provide specific guidelines to the Coffee Board towards the issue. The club members said, though the Central government is getting crores of rupees as revenue from coffee, it has no concern for the growers. The market rate of coffee has remained unchanged from four to five years and the government is not taking any measures to protect the interests of growers. The growers are facing hardships due to the hike in the price of fertilisers, increase in labour and maintenance costs.

Unavoidable reasons
The out-turn test is affected by many factors such as inadequate and untimely rains, non-flowering of buds, improper quantity of fertilisers and the nature of soil, said Coffee Board officials.

Moreover, the buyers do not purchase coffee, if the moisture content is more than 13 per cent.

The vendors use the measuring device to check the moisture content. Also, there is trouble if the coffee is over dried as it will result in the reduction of out-turn.

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