16th anniversary of Parliament attack: Facts that you need to know about it

16th anniversary of Parliament attack: Facts that you need to know about it

It has been sixteen years since a suicide squad stormed India's Parliament complex on 13  December 2001.

Nine people were killed and eighteen others were injured in the unprecedented attack on the seat of power of the world's biggest democracy.

The terrorists belonged to Jaish-e-Mohammad and Lashkar-e-Taiba and were reportedly backed by Pakistan intelligence agency ISI. 

- Terrorists stormed the Parliament, leaping from a car and attacking security guards after driving into the complex using a fake pass.

- Five Delhi Police personnel, a woman Central Reserve Police Force official, two Parliament watch and ward staff, and a gardener were among those who lost their lives.

- One of the intruders blew himself up at the main entrance to the Parliament Chambers, and four other gunmen were killed by security personnel.

- During the day, Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha were adjourned 40 minutes prior to the incident.

- Around 200 parliamentarians including ministers who were present in the house escaped unhurt.

- Mohammad Afzal Guru, Shaukat Hussain Guru, S A R Gilani and Shaukat's wife Afsan Guru were the accused. On this 16th anniversary, here's a look at the timeline of developments since then.

- On December 18, 2002, trial court hands death to Afzal Guru, Shaukat Hussain Guru and S A R Gilani.

- Shaukat's wife Afsan Guru was acquitted of all the charges except the one under Section 123 IPC.

- On October 29, 2003, SAR Geelani was acquitted in the case by the Delhi High Court.

- On 4 August 2005, the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence for Afzal Guru while it commuted Shaukat Hussain Guru's sentence from death to 10 years' imprisonment.

- On 22 September 2005, the Supreme Court dismissed the review petition filed by Guru.

- On 3 February 2013, Guru's mercy petition was rejected by the former President of India Pranab Mukherjee.

- On February 9, 2013, Afzal Guru was hanged in s high-security Tihar jail. It was an ultra-secret affair in order to avert repercussions in J&K and dodge last-minute legal challenges.

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