Mousavi calls day of mourning

Opposition urges peaceful protests on Thursday for those dead in Iran unrest

Defeated presidential candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi urged supporters to stage peaceful protests or gather in mosques to mourn those killed after disputed elections that set off Iran’s worst unrest since the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

Hardline President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s victory against the reformist Mousavi sparked demonstrations and bloody street battles in Tehran which killed at least seven people on Monday while other protests flared up in cities across Iran.

“A number of our countrymen were wounded or martyred,” Mousavi said in a statement on his website posted on Wednesday.

“I ask the people to express their solidarity with the families... by coming together in mosques or taking part in peaceful demonstrations,” said Mousavi, adding that he would also take part in the day of mourning planned for Thursday.

The bloodshed, mass protests over four days, arrests and a media crackdown focussed world attention on the fifth-biggest oil exporter which is locked in a nuclear standoff with the West.

Discord out in the open

Discord within Iran’s ruling system has never been so public. The Mousavi camp is backed by traditional establishment figures, such as former presidents Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and Mohammad Khatami, concerned about how Ahmadinejad’s truculent foreign policy and populist economics are shaping Iran’s future.

Further protests planned for Wednesday and Thursday are a direct challenge to the authorities who have kept a tight grip on dissent since the US-backed shah was overthrown in 1979 after months of protest.

In a stark warning, Fars News Agency quoted Interior Minister Sadeq Mahsouli as saying “no permission has been issued for a gathering or rally in Haft-e Tir Square” on Wednesday.

State television has said the “main agents” behind the turmoil have been arrested with guns and explosives.

Tens of thousands of pro-Mousavi supporters defied authorities to rally in Tehran on Tuesday after seven were killed in Monday’s violence but international media were forbidden from leaving their offices to cover the event.

After Monday’s deaths, Mousavi had urged followers to call off a planned rally in the same downtown area on Tuesday so the marchers headed north instead. Some sent messages to meet again on Wednesday for a rally at Tehran’s central Haft-e Tir Square.

Security forces arrested a pro-reform activist and an editor on Wednesday while a provincial prosecutor warned that those causing unrest faced the death penalty. An official inquiry was launched into an attack on university students.

Mohammadreza Habibi, prosecutor-general in the province of Isfahan, said: “We warn the few controlled by foreigners who try to disrupt domestic security by inciting individuals to destroy and to commit arson that the Islamic penal code for such individuals waging war against God is execution.”

A reformist source said that Saeed Laylaz, editor of business daily Sarmayeh, and activist Mohammadreza Jalaiepour were both arrested on Wednesday. Jalaiepour was detained at Tehran’s international airport.

Iran’s Interior Ministry ordered an investigation into an attack on university students which they say was carried out by Islamic militia and police. It came a day after Iran’s influential speaker of parliament, Ali Larijani, condemned the attack on Tehran University.

‘Students killed’

One student activist said on Tuesday that four students were killed during the violence. Tehran University denied anyone had been killed.

Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s highest authority who has favoured Ahmadinejad, has called for calm, allowing some ballot boxes to be recounted. But Iran’s top legislative body, the Guardian Council, has ruled out reformists’ demands for an annulment of the vote.

“Possible problems should be resolved following legal channels,” Khamenei said. “If removing these problems need recounting of some ballot boxes this should be done with the presence of the candidates’ representatives,” he said.

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