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Good lunch improves workers’ health

After understanding the importance of healthy school lunch, Americans can now turn their attention to healthy workplace lunches.

That’s the direction many countries are heading, particularly developing nations searching for preemptive strategies to avoid the epidemics of obesity, diabetes and chronic diseases weighing down productivity and shortening lives in the United States.

Healthy diets could return the rates of Type 2 diabetes back to their historic level of about zero per cent, for example, as opposed to current levels of 8 per cent of the US population and, unfathomably, 12 per cent of the population in Mexico, where it is now the leading killer. But with breakfast a blur for most adults, with the workplace a prison devoid of healthy food choices, and with dinner a rush-job, when and where can the average adult eat the recommended five servings or more of fruits and vegetables?

Nutritionists at the University of Antioquia asked this same question. The answer was the workplace lunch.

Intravenous drips need not be changed every few days

Small intravenous drips commonly used in the hand or arm do not need to be moved routinely every 3 days, say researchers.

A randomised controlled trial comparing regular relocation with relocation on clinical indication found that rates of complications were the same for both regimens.

Claire Rickard, from Griffith University, Australia, worked with a team of researchers to carry out the study with 362 patients at Launceston General Hospital, Tasmania.

“Recommended timelines for routine resite have been extended over the past three decades from 24 to 72 hours. Currently, 72- to 96-hour resite is recommended. Even with these extended durations, such policies still cause increased workload in hospitals, where the task of removing and replacing well-functioning IVDs generally falls to busy nursing and junior medical staff. Our results indicate that the average duration of IV therapy is 5-6 days and that many catheters can remain complication-free for this period, or even longer,” she said.

Poor biological clock could lead to diabetes, obesity

UC San Diego biologists have discovered biological clocks of mammals are related to development of obesity and diabetes.

It also raises the possibility that some of the rise in diabetes could be a consequence of disturbances in sleep-wake cycles from our increasingly around-the-clock lifestyles.

The study also indicates why shift workers, whose biological clocks are often out of step, also have a greater risk of developing obesity and insulin resistance. In a process known as ‘gluconeogenesis’, when we are awake and eating, sufficient glucose is supplied to our bloodstream. But when we’re asleep or fasting, glucose needs to be synthesised.

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