LGBT fans defiant in face of threats

Russia has said gay and lesbian fans should feel welcome at its World Cup this month but violent threats against LGBT people planning to travel to the event tell a different story.

Other LGBT football fans who have attended international tournaments say they have no intention of visiting a country notorious for anti-gay laws and in one region the torture of gay men by police.

Di Cunningham, who heads an alliance of LGBT fan groups in the UK, was sent anonymous emails warning the organisation to stay away from the World Cup after she gave an interview to Russian media about her plans to come.

One email, seen by AFP, contains a photo of a man's hand holding a switchblade with a warning that the sender would be waiting to knife the visitors in Russia.

Another, purporting to be from a lawyer, said the "sodomite" organisation was being investigated and recommended members keep away from the country.

The threats have not put off Cunningham or Joe Wright -- a law student who runs campaigns for the alliance -- from travelling to the tournament.

"I want to support my team and to ensure that, however small, there is a visible LGBT+ fan presence in a country which is hostile to that community," Cunningham said.

She added it was "unacceptable" FIFA had given two tournaments in a row to countries, Russia and Qatar, that do not respect LGBT rights.

Wright said his friends and family would prefer he stayed at home as they were worried about his safety in Russia both as a gay person and an England fan, in the current diplomatic fallout between Moscow and London.

But "I want to experience the atmosphere, the thrill of going to a World Cup and, of course, I want to cheer on England," the 25-year-old said.

Pride in Football reported the anonymous threats to FIFA and were told they are being investigated by Russian organisers.

While larger Russian cities do have LGBT scenes and communities, violence against gays and homophobic rhetoric in the country regularly make global headlines.

A 2013 "gay propaganda" law officially forbids the promotion of "non-traditional sexual relationships" to minors and effectively bans gay rights activism.

Campaigners have been charged for sharing information about LGBT rights on social media and detained for carrying rainbow flags at demonstrations.

And last year gay men in Chechnya, a majority Muslim republic in southern Russia ruled by strongman Ramzan Kadyrov, said they had been tortured by law enforcement agencies.

Despite this, Alexei Smertin -- a former football player and the tournament's anti-discrimination chief -- has said gay fans should feel "safe and comfortable" at the event in Russia.

"All visitors to Russia in 2018 -- regardless of race, gender, religion, ability or sexual orientation -- can expect a warm welcome, great hospitality and an unforgettable experience," FIFA's Local Organising Committee told AFP.

It added that authorities will allow the display of rainbow flags in stadiums and public celebrations. Alexander Agapov, the head of the Russian LGBT Sport Federation, welcomed these statements but said he doubted any increased tolerance would endure beyond the four weeks of the World Cup.

The 35-year-old said the focus on visiting LGBT fans could play into official propaganda that presents homosexuality as a largely Western rather than Russian phenomenon.

"The question of human rights and diversity in sport gets mixed up with being a good host -- it allows officials to say yes, we'll make an exception, we'll guarantee safety, everything will be fine for your gays and your lesbians," he said.

"The tournament will pass but the (gay propaganda) law will remain."

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LGBT fans defiant in face of threats

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