Climate change will hit farming, food chain

Addressing a programme on the “Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture” organised at the University of Agriculture Sciences (UAS) here, Chandrashekhar said urgent steps to conserve water and energy sources were needed to in order to ward off a catastrophe.     Agriculture, he said would be worst impacted by climate change.

"Agriculture contributes 25 per cent to the Country's GDP. However, the climate change is having a bad influence on agriculture production. It's already affecting the food chain," he said.

Major contributors

In fact, he blamed USA and China for being major contributors for global warming. As a solution, he felt that it was essential to inform farmers about the climate change.
Chandrashekhar’s observations assume significance in the light of the fact that Karnataka has the second largest arid area in the country after Rajasthan. B M Raje Gowda, Prof of Agro-meteorology, UAS, said  climate and agriculture were two sides of the same coin.

"The two must go hand in hand. However, now the situation is quiet opposite." Demonstrating how rapidly the global warming was taking place, he said global temperatures had only increased by a degree between 1880 and 1980.  However, it had increased by one-and-a-half degrees in the last 20 years.

Interestingly, N H Ravindranath, scientist at Bharatiya Vignyana Mandira, said  the agriculture sector’s contribution in global warming across the world was 13 to 14 per cent. This was due to the increased use of chemical and fertiliser and cultivation of crops such paddy and sugarcane that emitted methane.

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