Press Esc to close
Saturday 27 May 2017
News updated at 3:10 PM IST

Pneumonia, diarrhea are top killers of kids: UNICEF

United Nations, Jun 8 ,2012(AFP) 14:50 IST
Pneumonia and diarrhea are among the top causes of childhood deaths around the world, particularly among the poor, said a report out today by the UN Children's Fund.


UNICEF said that while these two diseases kill more than two million children each year, making up 29 per cent of child deaths under age five worldwide, some simple interventions could save lots of lives in the coming years.


The report urges the 75 countries with the highest mortality rates to aim to treat poor children with diarrhea and pneumonia the same way they do those from the top 20 per cent of households, a so-called "equity approach."

Key interventions include vaccinating against the major causes of pneumonia and diarrhea, encouraging infant breastfeeding, improving access to clean water and sanitation, offering antibiotics for pneumonia and rehydration solutions for diarrhea.

"Modeled estimates suggest that by 2015 more than two million child deaths due to pneumonia and diarrhea could be averted across the 75 countries with the highest mortality burden," said the report.

"If national coverage of key pneumonia and diarrhea interventions were raised to the level in the richest 20 per cent of households in each country," it added.

About half of childhood deaths in the world due to diarrhea or pneumonia take place in five countries: India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan and Ethiopia, said the report.

There has been some progress in offering vaccines against Hemophilus influenza type b, as well as pneumococcal conjugate vaccines and rotavirus vaccines in the poorest countries, but more effort is needed, it said.

Water and sanitation is another key hurdle, with 783 million people globally not using an improved drinking water source, and 2.5 billion not using sanitation facilities.

"Nearly 90 per cent of deaths due to diarrhea worldwide have been attributed to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene," said the report.

"Hand washing with water and soap, in particular, is among the most cost-effective health interventions to reduce the incidence of both childhood pneumonia and diarrhea."
Pneumonia is responsible for 18 per cent of childhood deaths worldwide each year, and diarrhea is linked to 11 per cent.

In contrast, AIDS is responsible for two per cent of global childhood deaths annually and malaria for seven per cent, according to the report.

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Back to school.

Back to school.

Karnataka Rajya Saarkari Hostel Mattu Vasati Shala Horaguttige Noukarara Sangha Protest

Karnataka Rajya Saarkari Hostel Mattu Vasati Shala Horaguttige Noukarara Sangha Protest

A labourer at a salt pan in Mumbai

A labourer at a salt pan in Mumbai

Manchester attack: Flower tributes.

Manchester attack: Flower tributes.

Indian Open of Surfing 2017

Indian Open of Surfing 2017

Protesters run as they prepare to hurl stones towards the police.

Protesters run as they prepare to hurl stones towards the police.

Delhi Metro's Heritage Line

Delhi Metro's Heritage Line

Dhola-Sadia bridge

Dhola-Sadia bridge

Opposition leaders meet to discuss presidential poll

Opposition leaders meet to discuss presidential poll

Youth Congress protest against three years of BJP rule

Youth Congress protest against three years of BJP rule

Like us on Facebook

Copyright 2017, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bengaluru - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523
Powered by Yodasoft Technologies Pvt. Ltd.