Press Esc to close
Wednesday 23 August 2017
News updated at 4:09 AM IST

Pneumonia, diarrhea are top killers of kids: UNICEF

United Nations, Jun 8 ,2012(AFP) 14:50 IST
Pneumonia and diarrhea are among the top causes of childhood deaths around the world, particularly among the poor, said a report out today by the UN Children's Fund.


UNICEF said that while these two diseases kill more than two million children each year, making up 29 per cent of child deaths under age five worldwide, some simple interventions could save lots of lives in the coming years.


The report urges the 75 countries with the highest mortality rates to aim to treat poor children with diarrhea and pneumonia the same way they do those from the top 20 per cent of households, a so-called "equity approach."

Key interventions include vaccinating against the major causes of pneumonia and diarrhea, encouraging infant breastfeeding, improving access to clean water and sanitation, offering antibiotics for pneumonia and rehydration solutions for diarrhea.

"Modeled estimates suggest that by 2015 more than two million child deaths due to pneumonia and diarrhea could be averted across the 75 countries with the highest mortality burden," said the report.

"If national coverage of key pneumonia and diarrhea interventions were raised to the level in the richest 20 per cent of households in each country," it added.

About half of childhood deaths in the world due to diarrhea or pneumonia take place in five countries: India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan and Ethiopia, said the report.

There has been some progress in offering vaccines against Hemophilus influenza type b, as well as pneumococcal conjugate vaccines and rotavirus vaccines in the poorest countries, but more effort is needed, it said.

Water and sanitation is another key hurdle, with 783 million people globally not using an improved drinking water source, and 2.5 billion not using sanitation facilities.

"Nearly 90 per cent of deaths due to diarrhea worldwide have been attributed to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene," said the report.

"Hand washing with water and soap, in particular, is among the most cost-effective health interventions to reduce the incidence of both childhood pneumonia and diarrhea."
Pneumonia is responsible for 18 per cent of childhood deaths worldwide each year, and diarrhea is linked to 11 per cent.

In contrast, AIDS is responsible for two per cent of global childhood deaths annually and malaria for seven per cent, according to the report.

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
A boy running on a wooden bridge through a floating garden of lotus flowers on...

A boy running on a wooden bridge through a floating garden of lotus flowers on...

After their wedding ceremony, groom and bride, Nathan Mauger, Connie Young with...

After their wedding ceremony, groom and bride, Nathan Mauger, Connie Young with...

The moon passes in front of the sun for a total solar eclipse visible...

The moon passes in front of the sun for a total solar eclipse visible...

The sun rises over the coal-fired power station...

The sun rises over the coal-fired power station...

Sikh devotees pray near the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib, during at the Golden Temple...

Sikh devotees pray near the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib, during at the Golden Temple...

Chicken traders sell chicken in a market, in...

Chicken traders sell chicken in a market, in...

Bollywood actor Varun Dhawan, Jacqueline Fernandez and Taapsee Pannu at the launch...

Bollywood actor Varun Dhawan, Jacqueline Fernandez and Taapsee Pannu at the launch...

Iceland horses run together in their paddock in Wehrheim...

Iceland horses run together in their paddock in Wehrheim...

Devotees participate in the Peli and Kali Marbat procession as part of Pola festival...

Devotees participate in the Peli and Kali Marbat procession as part of Pola festival...

Bollywood actors Jacqueline Fernandez and Aditya Roy Kapur walk the ramp during the grand finale...

Bollywood actors Jacqueline Fernandez and Aditya Roy Kapur walk the ramp during the grand finale...

Like us on Facebook

Copyright 2017, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bengaluru - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523
Powered by Yodasoft Technologies Pvt. Ltd.