Press Esc to close
Wednesday 30 July 2014
News updated at 6:38 PM IST
Weather
Max: 0°C
Min : 0°C
In Bangalore
Sunny day

India's first dinosaur fossil rediscovered

Mumbai, Jan 17 , 2013 (IANS)

More than a century after it went missing, the fossil of what has been regarded as India's first recorded dinosaur has been rediscovered in Kolkata, according to a top scientific journal.

The recovery of Titanosaurus Indicus, or the Indian Tital reptile, was possible due to a collaborative programme between the Geological Survey of India (GSI) and the University of Michigan, according to the latest issue of Current Science (Vol. 104, No. 1, Jan. 10, 2013, Pg. No. 34), brought out by the Bangalore-based Indian Academy of Sciences.

The missing dinosaur, untraceable for  nearly a century, was finally found at the GSI headquarters in Kolkata, says the magazine.


The fossil was originally discovered by W.H. Sleeman in the Jabalpur area of central India in 1828.

However, it was only half a century later - in 1877 - that its importance came to light as a new genus and species of sauropod dinosaur known as Taitanosaurus Indicus, first identified by Richard Lydekker.

At that time, the world had identified only 115 dinosaur species or less than 10 percent of the 1,401 species known by 2004.

Passing safely through many hands for over half a century, it suddenly went missing though a cast of the specimen was in London's Natural History Museum.

Later, in the early 1900s, many more discoveries of dinosaur fossils were made by scientists such as Charles Metley and Durgasankar Bhattacharji around the original site in Jabalpur excavated by Sleeman.

The magazine says there are many Indian dinosaur specimens that are missing, including both large and small specimens of sauropod and theropod dinosaurs.

Prime among the missing specimens include the head and skeletal parts of the stocky-limbed large Theropod Lametasaurus Indicus, Indosaurus Matleyi, Indosuchus Raptorius, parts of Jainosaurus Septentrionalis and the small Noasaurid Theropod Laevisuchus Indicus and many Theropod limb bones.

Scientists lament that the non-availability of these elements seriously hamper efforts to understand the evolutionary history of Indian dinosaurs and to decode their palaeobiogeographic connections to other southern landmasses.

However, it is not clear whether these missing specimens are lost or merely misplaced and whether it is better to retrieve the old bones or discover newer ones in the field.

The joint efforts by GSI and the University of Michigan have already started bearing fruit and several important specimens have been recovered from various places in existing storage sites, and new ones are being discovered from the field, the magazine says.

Scientists are hopeful that many more missing specimens may be recovered in the future which would help in the study of the evolutionary history of India and its past and present connections to other landmasses.

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Siddaramaiah at the launch of a drinking water unit in Vidhan Soudha premises in Bengaluru ...

Siddaramaiah at the launch of a drinking water unit in Vidhan Soudha premises in Bengaluru ...

Over forty houses were buried in a landslide triggered by heavy rains at Malin village in Pune ...

Over forty houses were buried in a landslide triggered by heavy rains at Malin village in Pune ...

Angry people set ablaze a police motorbike after rape of a minor girl by a prisoner in Allahabad ..

Angry people set ablaze a police motorbike after rape of a minor girl by a prisoner in Allahabad ..

Peoples Movement Against Nuclear Energy (PMANE) leader SP Udayakumar addressing the media ...

Peoples Movement Against Nuclear Energy (PMANE) leader SP Udayakumar addressing the media ...

India's Bajrang wrestles with England's Sasha Madyarchyk during the Men's Freestyle Wrestling ...

India's Bajrang wrestles with England's Sasha Madyarchyk during the Men's Freestyle Wrestling ...

Pankaj Singh fails to make contact with a delivery during the fourth day of the third test ...

Pankaj Singh fails to make contact with a delivery during the fourth day of the third test ...

Mahendra Singh Dhoni follows through on a shot after failing to make contact with the ball ...

Mahendra Singh Dhoni follows through on a shot after failing to make contact with the ball ...

Sushil Kumar of India, right, wrestles with Qamar Abbas of Pakistan in a FS 74kg gold ...

Sushil Kumar of India, right, wrestles with Qamar Abbas of Pakistan in a FS 74kg gold ...

Nigeria's Melvin Bibo (L) competes with India's Sushil Kumar (R) at the Men's Freestyle...

Nigeria's Melvin Bibo (L) competes with India's Sushil Kumar (R) at the Men's Freestyle...

India's wrestling medalists Sushil Kumar, left with gold, Vinesh, second left with gold...

India's wrestling medalists Sushil Kumar, left with gold, Vinesh, second left with gold...

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bangalore - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523