Press Esc to close
Friday 31 October 2014
News updated at 7:36 PM IST
Weather
Max: 28.4°C
Min : 18°C
In Bangalore
Partially cloudy
Breaking News

Stopping by India's history and art

Baishali Adak, April 16, 2013, DHNS:

The National Gallery of Modern Art features the finest artists India has produced

NGMA houses significant collection of India’s modern and contemporary art.

Passing by the large, Indian flag-bearing Jaipur House near India Gate, it is easy to dismiss it as another sarkari building. Few Delhiites would be remotely aware that this erstwhile royal mansion houses the magnificent National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA). The public can hardly be blamed as neither Delhi Tourism nor the media publicises it enough.

However, next time you drive by the Stately home, do drop in for a dekko at NGMA. Without a doubt, it has the most significant collection of modern and contemporary art in the country. Even if you are not a fan of art, this museum could certainly teach you a few lessons on the socio-political history of India and how art developed alongside.

A pet project of Jawaharlal Nehru, a small collection was inaugurated by Dr S Radhakrishanan in 1954. Since then, NGMA has acquired paintings, sculptures, graphics, even photographs. These stand at 17,000 pieces and are spread over four large floors of their New Wing. They are displayed so neatly, datewise and with explanations, you wouldn’t even require a guide.


The oldest are, of course, Company paintings - artworks commissioned by East India Company officials in the 19th century. Art historian Priya Pall says, “Since Britishers paid local artists to make these, the latter portrayed them in a flattering manner. For example, in one painting the first coach of a train carrying Britishers says ‘Reserved.’ The other coaches with Indians say ‘Third class.”

At the same time, many British artists also came to India and painted all that they found exquisitely Indian – snake charmers, temples, river ghats, yogis etc. The works of these artists - Tilly Kettle, William Hodges, Thomas Daniell, Emily Eden etc. – are also on display.

In the late 19th century, the British set up the first art colleges: Government
College of Art Kolkata and Madurai and Sir JJ School of Art, Mumbai. Some students from here went on to be pioneers of Indian art. Raja Ravi Varma captured the common Indian on his canvas. His oleographs of Hindu gods and goddesses became his signature style later on.

Another such artist, Abanindranath Tagore, with some other patriotically inspired artists, formed the ‘Bengal school of art.’ Angered by Bengal’s partition, they decided to promote Indian art, such as miniatures at Ajanta, only. Abanindranath, in fact, collaborated with Japanese artists to bring about the famous Colour wash technique in Indian art.

Besides the above, NGMA has put up a stupendous collection of Amrita Sher-Gill’s paintings on her birth centenary. These narrate how her short but significant art career developed – her early migration to Paris (portraits of French noblewomen as well as prostitutes), moving back to Punjab (the dutifully covered up Sikh women), exploration of South India (paintings of dhoti-clad ash mark-bearing men) and the works just before her death.

Then there are the works of the first three principals of Shantiniketan Kala Bhavan – Nandalal Bose, Binod Behari Mukherjee and Ram Shankar Baij. Nanadalal’s paintings sport his unique ‘stamp,’ Binod’s pencil sketches are curious and Ram Shankar’s sculptures domineering.

The other significant set of work on display here is of the Progressive Artists’ Group. Priya informs Metrolife, “FN Souza was expelled from JJ School, for participating in the anti-British movement. He gathered a few of his classmates and formed this group.” Souza’s God-defying sketches, SH Raza’s geometric patterns and MF Husain’s famous horses – all form a part of this collection.

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Security personnel patrol a street after a protest by the supporters of Jammu and Kashmir...

Security personnel patrol a street after a protest by the supporters of Jammu and Kashmir...

India A players Rohit Sharma and Manish Pandey during a practice match against Sri Lanka...

India A players Rohit Sharma and Manish Pandey during a practice match against Sri Lanka...

Indian Air Force officers arrive at the Gateway of India after swimming for a distance...

Indian Air Force officers arrive at the Gateway of India after swimming for a distance...

The Navy hovercraft carrying West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee to Sagar Island...

The Navy hovercraft carrying West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee to Sagar Island...

A Rajasthani herder with his cows in Gurgaon...

A Rajasthani herder with his cows in Gurgaon...

Devotees wait for the Sun to offer prayers, during Chhath Puja festival in Agra...

Devotees wait for the Sun to offer prayers, during Chhath Puja festival in Agra...

Sand artist Sudarsan Pattnaik creates a sand sculpture on Black Money with a message...

Sand artist Sudarsan Pattnaik creates a sand sculpture on Black Money with a message...

BJP workers arrange the cut-outs of party symbol (lotus) to decorate the boats at the Marine...

BJP workers arrange the cut-outs of party symbol (lotus) to decorate the boats at the Marine...

A police man investigates the tunnel dug up by the robbers in Gohana bank heist, in Sonipat...

A police man investigates the tunnel dug up by the robbers in Gohana bank heist, in Sonipat...

Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan sweeps in a stree during a cleanliness drive as a part...

Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan sweeps in a stree during a cleanliness drive as a part...

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bangalore - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523