Press Esc to close
Saturday 29 November 2014
News updated at 3:39 AM IST
Weather
Max: 29.2°C
Min : 16.5°C
In Bengaluru
Sunny day

New fibre optic technology can boost Internet bandwidth

Washington, June 28, 2013, (PTI)
Reuters File Image.

In a breakthrough, scientists, including one of Indian-origin, have devised a new fibre optic technology that promises to increase bandwidth dramatically, easing Internet congestion and video streaming.

The technology centers on donut-shaped laser light beams called optical vortices, in which the light twists like a tornado as it moves along the beam path, rather than in a straight line.

Widely studied in molecular biology, atomic physics and quantum optics, optical vortices (also known as orbital angular momentum, or OAM, beams) were thought to be unstable in fibre, until Boston University Engineering Professor Siddharth Ramachandran recently designed an optical fibre that can propagate them.


In the paper in journal Science, he and Alan Willner of University of Southern California, demonstrated the stability of the beams in optical fibre and also their potential to boost Internet bandwidth.

"For several decades since optical fibres were deployed, the conventional assumption has been that OAM-carrying beams are inherently unstable in fibres," said Ramachandran.

"Our discovery, of design classes in which they are stable, has profound implications for a variety of scientific and technological fields that have exploited the unique properties of OAM-carrying light, including the use of such beams for enhancing data capacity in fibres," he said.

Ramachandran and Willner collaborated with OFS-Fitel, a fibre optics company in Denmark, and Tel Aviv University.

Traditionally, bandwidth has been enhanced by increasing the number of colours, or wavelengths of data-carrying laser signals - essentially streams of 1s and 0s - sent down an optical fibre, where the signals are processed according to colour.

An emerging strategy to boost bandwidth is to send the light through a fibre along distinctive paths, or modes, each carrying a cache of data from one end of the fibre to the other.

Unlike the colours, however, data streams of 1s and 0s from different modes mix together; determining which data stream came from which source requires computationally intensive and energy-hungry digital signal processing algorithms.

Ramachandran's and Willner's approach combines both strategies, packing several colours into each mode, and using multiple modes.

In experiments in the study, researchers created an OAM fibre with four modes (an optical fibre typically has two), and showed that for each OAM mode, they could send data through a one-kilometre fibre in 10 different colours, resulting in a transmission capacity of 1.6 terabits per second.

Go to Top

Photo Gallery
Black Friday Shopping Begins On Thanksgiving Evening

Black Friday Shopping Begins On Thanksgiving Evening

Dancers perform during an inauguration ceremony of a Hello Kitty amusement park in Anji

Dancers perform during an inauguration ceremony of a Hello Kitty amusement park in Anji

Regina Vandysheva reacts after winning the 2014 Miss Kazakhstan national beauty

Regina Vandysheva reacts after winning the 2014 Miss Kazakhstan national beauty

Pakistani theatre artists in India  to participate in 'Saanjh: 11th Amritsar-Lahore Peace Festival

Pakistani theatre artists in India to participate in 'Saanjh: 11th Amritsar-Lahore Peace Festival

Nobel Peace Prize winner Kailash Satyarthi being felicitated by Chairman of Bajaj Auto Rahul Bajaj

Nobel Peace Prize winner Kailash Satyarthi being felicitated by Chairman of Bajaj Auto Rahul Bajaj

Rahul Gandhi meeting supporters at his election rally in Jamshedpur

Rahul Gandhi meeting supporters at his election rally in Jamshedpur

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on his departure after attending SAARC summit...

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on his departure after attending SAARC summit...

A boy salvages for belongings amid the debris of his house in Mumbai...

A boy salvages for belongings amid the debris of his house in Mumbai...

Shyam Benegal with Naseeruddin Shah during the launch of the latter's book...

Shyam Benegal with Naseeruddin Shah during the launch of the latter's book...

Actor turned politician Kushboo with Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi...

Actor turned politician Kushboo with Congress vice president Rahul Gandhi...

Copyright 2014, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd., 75, M.G Road, Post Box 5331, Bengaluru - 560001
Tel: +91 (80) 25880000 Fax No. +91 (80) 25880523