“I think I ended up being the scarlet woman partly because of my rather puritanical upbringing and beliefs,” she once said. “I couldn’t just have a romance; it had to be marriage.”
Her husbands were a hotel chain heir, an English actor, a flamboyant producer, a pop crooner, a Welsh actor (twice), a US senator and a construction worker.
Her romances over the years included a football legend, a billionaire publisher and a Mexican lawyer.
Taylor’s love life probably received more public notice than any figure in history, including Cleopatra (whom she portrayed) and Casanova.
She encountered a portent of things to come during her first romance, with Glenn Davis, the famed “Mr Inside” of the Army football champions. When her dates with Davis attracted huge press attention, Taylor commented, “Maybe I should have fallen for a busboy, then the whole thing wouldn’t cause so much attention.”
A year later, her mother announced Taylor’s engagement to William D Pawley, 22-year-old son of a former ambassador to Brazil. The engagement was cancelled three months later, and Taylor was rumored to be dating Howard Hughes. Mrs. Taylor angrily denied her daughter had ever seen the bashful billionaire without her parents’ being present.
The wedding of Elizabeth Taylor, 18, to Conrad Nicholson “Nicky” Hilton, 23, on May 6, 1950, was hailed as the Hollywood social event of the year. They were married by a priest (Hilton was Roman Catholic, his bride was not) with a lavish reception at the Bel-Air Country Club.
“The honeymoon in Europe lasted two weeks,” Taylor wrote in a 1965 memoir. “I should say the marriage lasted for two weeks. Then came, yours sincerely, disillusionment — rude and brutal.” Hilton began drinking on their wedding night and seldom stopped. After the honeymoon Taylor went home to her mother and filed for divorce.
Of her marriage to British actor Michael Wilding, Taylor wrote: “We had a lovely, easy life, very simple, very quiet. Two babies were born. We had friends. We didn’t do much.”
That all changed when she met Mike Todd. He was the dynamic producer of Broadway girlie shows, promoting the big-screen Cinerama and an all-star film of “Around the World in 80 Days.” He swept Taylor off her feet and out of her marriage to Wilding.
“He had a joy, a relish about being alive, a vitality that was so contagious,” she wrote.
“He was a fabulous con artist — could con the gold out of your teeth — but was terribly, gregariously generous.”
Todd’s life was snuffed out on a New Mexico mountaintop in the 1958 crash of his private plane. Among those who consoled the widow was singer Eddie Fisher. Their romance caused the biggest Hollywood scandal of the time, to be superseded by a bigger scandal surrounding her fourth marriage.
Taylor was branded a “home wrecker” for allegedly breaking up Fisher’s marriage to Debbie Reynolds, mother of his two children. Two years after her 1959 marriage to Fisher, Taylor met Richard Burton on the set of “Cleopatra.”
“Has anybody ever told you that you’re a very pretty girl?” said the hard-living actor. Her reaction: “Here’s the great lover, the great wit, the great intellectual of Wales, and he comes out with a line like that!”
They were soon madly in love, and the world’s press trumpeted every development of the affair. After divorces from their spouses, Taylor and Burton were married on March 15, 1964. They divorced in 1974, remarried in 1975 and divorced finally the following year.
From show business, Taylor moved to politics. In 1976 she married Virginian John W Warner and helped his successful campaign for the U.S. Senate in 1978. They were divorced in 1982.
“Being a senator’s wife is not easy,” she told a reporter. “It’s very lonely. I wouldn’t wish it on anyone.”
Taylor’s romances during the 1980s kept the tabloids busy but didn’t reach the proportions of her earlier ones. She was engaged to New York businessman Dennis Stein and Mexican lawyer Victor Luna. She was rumored to be engaged to the late publisher Malcolm Forbes, but both claimed their relationship was platonic. Her companion as she battled pneumonia in April 1990 was Larry Fortensky, 37, a construction worker she met while both were undergoing treatment at the Betty Ford Center.
She married Fortensky in October 1991 at friend Michael Jackson’s ranch, as tabloid photographers peered down from helicopters overhead. “Marriage does give a sense of oneness that just being together can’t,” she said.
But in August 1995, they announced a trial separation; and in February 1996 she filed for divorce.
“You don’t get over men like the flu,” she said. “Every divorce is like a little death.”
Which was not to say she was giving up on men entirely.
“I’m not going to join a nunnery,” she said. “I said I’m through with marriage, but I’m not through with men — that wouldn’t be realistic.”
“Director Clarence Brown has also drawn some excellent performances from his cast, especially from little Elizabeth Taylor, who plays the role of the horse-loving girl. Her face is alive with youthful spirit, her voice has the softness of sweet song and her whole manner in this picture is one of refreshing grace.”
New York Times review of “National Velvet,” 1944
“She is terrific as a panting, impatient wife, wanting the love of her husband as sincerely as she wants an inheritance.”
NYT review of “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof,” 1958
“The day after her divorce from young Conrad (‘Nicky’) Hilton became a legal fact, Elizabeth Taylor, 19, announced that she would marry British actor Michael Wilding, 39, who is waiting for his own divorce to be final. Said she: ‘We are definitely engaged. We have no definite plans as to exactly when we’ll be married.’”
Time magazine, 1952
*Soon after her 10th birthday she landed the lead role in the 1942 film Lassie Come Home. But she is perhaps still best remembered for her role two years later in National Velvet, about a young girl’s love for a horse.
*After playing a string of girl-next-door roles, the first hint of dramatic promise was in A Place in the Sun (1950).
*She confirmed her powers in 1958 as Maggie in Tennessee Williams’ Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, which was completed only weeks after her third husband, wealthy film producer Mike Todd, was killed in a plane crash.
*Recognition of her acting ability did not come until she was in her 30s, when she won two Academy Awards — the first in 1960 for her role as a call-girl in Butterfield 8 and the second in 1967 for her portrayal of a foul-mouthed and alcoholic wife in Edward Albee’s Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
*Taylor’s film career prospered and in 1961 she was paid $1 million to play the title role in the ill-fated Cleopatra.
*Taylor was true to the character in a torrid affair with Antony — Richard Burton, a Welsh actor trained for the classical stage.
*In 1994, Taylor returned to the movies after a 14-year absence for a small part in The Flintstones.
Life and times
*Born in London on February 27, 1932, Taylor said many times that she never wanted to be an actor but was pushed by her mother into the career that made her millions of dollars.
*Her romantic life began at 17, when she became engaged to all-American football hero, Glenn Davis. Then came a second engagement, to William Pawley.
*Her first husband was Conrad Hilton and then British actor Michael Wilding. On the death of her third husband Mike Todd, she fell in love with singer Eddie Fisher and married him.
*She was eventually married eight times, including twice to actor Richard Burton which was among the most tempestuous.
*Taylor divorced Burton in 1974, only to remarry him in 1975 and divorce him, permanently, in 1976.
*She had two husbands since, Senator John Warner and Larry Fortensky.
Her marriage to Fortensky ended in the mid 1990s.