Giant 'Jurassic fish' grew up to 16m long

Giant 'Jurassic fish' grew up to 16m long

Giant fish that could grow up to 16 metres long roamed the seas 165 million years ago - during the age of dinosaurs - a new study has found.

Giant plankton-eating animals first filled the prehistoric seas more than 160 million years ago but they were wiped out in the same event that killed off the dinosaurs, and then replaced by plankton-eating sharks and whales.

Now, researchers from the University of Bristol suggest the giant fishes could grow up to 12 and 16m long.

The giant plankton-feeders in today's oceans are among the largest living vertebrate animals alive.

The first animal known to occupy this role was a large bony fish called Leedsichthys that lived in the Middle Jurassic, around 165 million years ago.

This fish was a pioneer for the ecological niche filled today by mammals (like blue whales) and cartilaginous fish (such as manta rays, basking sharks and whale sharks).
However, scientists were unclear just how large this large fish could be – until now.

"Leedsichthys skeletons preserve poorly, often only as isolated fragments, so previous size estimates were largely historical arm-waving exercises," said Professor Jeff Liston of the University of Kunming in China and the University of Bristol's School of Earth Sciences.

"We looked at a wide range of specimens, not just the bones but also their internal growth structures - similar to the growth rings in trees - to get some idea about the ages of these animals as well as their estimated sizes," Liston said.

The researchers demonstrated that a small adult Leedsichthys of 8-9 metres could reach that length within around 20 years, whereas after 38 years it would be around 16.5 metres long - possibly even outgrowing today's massive whale sharks.

"The existence of these large suspension-feeding fish at this time is highly significant as it would seem to be clear evidence of a major change in plankton populations in the oceans of Jurassic Earth: a 'smoking gun' that something new, widespread and highly edible was around, possibly related to the first appearance of small crustaceans called copepods," Liston said.

"This has implications for our understanding of biological productivity in modern oceans, and how that productivity has changed over time," he said.

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