Stay hydrated to prevent heatstroke

Stay hydrated to prevent heatstroke

Well, it is one of the most common health issues, but at times it can get really nasty. The harsh and dry summer is here and it is taking a toll on Delhiites.

Cases of diarrhoea, dehydration, giddiness, muscle pain and heatstroke are a few common issues faced by people after the body’s prolonged exposure to heat.

The body gets dehydrated and its heat control ability is lost due to complications involving the central nervous system. One should be extra cautious in summer months and keep themselves hydrated.

Dr M K Singh, general physician at Paras Hospital, explains, “Heatstroke happens when is body is over exposed to the sun. The body temperature increases, which can result in high fever, epilepsy and dehydration. Epilepsy can be dangerous and can even lead to brain damage. So, for this one should have plenty of water and avoid being in the sun for long periods. One should take a normal diet.”

Since the hot, humid summers favour pathogens responsible for infections to grow and nurture, eating cooked and covered food, avoiding roadside eateries and contaminated water can safeguard people from food and water-borne infections.|

Dr Ravinder Gupta, senior consultant, internal medicine at Columbia Asia Hospital too advised drinking a lot of fluid.

“Not only water, one should increase intake of fluids in summer because the body also needs salt. Drink a lot of coconut water, lemon water and lassi and eat fruits like watermelon and banana because they are a good source of potassium, which is beneficial in avoiding heatstrokes. Always remember to carry an umbrella too.”

Heatstroke symptoms:

High body temperature. A body temperature of 104 F (40 C) or higher is the main sign of heatstroke.

Lack of sweating. During heatstroke the skin becomes hot and dry.

Nausea and vomiting.

Redness of the skin. The skin may turn red as the body temperature increases.

Rapid breathing.

Increased rate of heartbeat. Pulse may significantly increase because heat puts a tremendous burden on the heart to help cool the body.

Bad headache.

One can start hallucinating or have difficulty speaking or understanding what others are saying.
n One can go into a state of unconsciousness.

Muscle cramps or weakness. Muscles may feel tender or cramped in the early stages of heatstroke.
With many more months still left for the scorching summer to bid adieu, one should be prepared to face the worst.