KIA's garden-themed Terminal-2 massive in size

KIA's garden-themed Terminal-2 massive in size

KIA's garden-themed Terminal-2 massive in size

Designed as a garden experience, the second terminal (T2) of the Kempegowda International Airport (KIA) here will be a massive structure, with a total built-up area of 2.54 lakh square metres in the first phase and 4.41 lakh square metres in the second phase.

The garden theme has been chosen to let the KIA be a natural extension of Bengaluru's much-heralded green aesthetics. The structural details accessed by DH show that the first phase will cater to 25 million passengers per annum (mppa) and the second 45 mppa.

The number of check-in counters will be huge. On the agenda are 213 counters in the departure area, 90 in the first phase and 123 in the second. Besides, the area will also be equipped with 62 check lanes and 97 emigration counters.

In the arrival area, T2 will feature 173 immigration counters, 113 alone in the second phase. Customs handbag inspection lanes will also get a boost with 23 new lanes. As many as 25 baggage claim belts will be added in two phases.

An integrated terminal, T2 will serve both domestic and international passengers. The departure processors will be located at Level 3 (12 metres above ground) while Level 2 is dedicated to egress corridors.

After alighting from the aircraft, passengers will head straight to the arrivals mezzanine level 1 (5.25 metres above ground). From here, they will circulate down to the arrivals hall on Level 0 (at grade). Below grade, the basement is dedicated to inbound baggage, logistics and concessions storage.

Garden experience

The design aesthetics is clearly based on sustainability. This implies the terminal enclosure is used to temper natural light, while minimising reliance on artificial illumination. Systems will be developed to capture and reuse water where possible. Leveraging the temperate climate of Bengaluru to reduce dependence on mechanical conditioning is another objective.

Here's another sustainability-focussed design-thinking that will guide Terminal 2: "The historical centrality of water as an element of garden design offers strategies for the conservation and reuse of water within the terminal in ways that will both preserve and delight. The knowledge and wisdom embodied in these traditions forms a central element of the design of Terminal 2."

The airport operators, Bangalore International Airport Ltd (BIAL), had roped in the American architectural firm, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), to design T2. The KIA, which recorded over 25 million passengers in 2017, is expected to boost its capacity to over 65 million once both phases of the second terminal are commissioned.