Economic Impact: Upcoming IPOs and their Contribution to India's GDP Growth

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In the fast-paced market landscape of India, the phrase "upcoming IPO in India" is not just a buzzword but a sign of promising economic growth. An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is a significant financial event that marks a company's transition from private to public entities. It is a transformative process that reshapes the company and the industry it belongs to. An IPO allows a company to raise capital by selling shares to the public, which enables it to invest in new projects and expand its operations. This, in turn, creates jobs and drives innovation.

IPOs are vital to India's broader economic landscape as they attract foreign investment, stimulate economic growth, and enhance the country's reputation as a global business hub. Here is everything you need to know about upcoming IPO in India:

The IPO Wave in India

What's an IPO?

An IPO, short for Initial Public Offering, is when a private company decides to sell its shares to the public for the first time. This move allows the company to raise capital from public investors, which can be used to fund its growth and expansion plans.

The process of an IPO involves selecting an underwriter, preparing a prospectus, and obtaining regulatory approval. The underwriter is a financial institution that assists a company in determining the price of its shares and manages the sale of those shares to investors.

The prospectus is a detailed document that provides information about the company's financial performance, business strategy, and risks associated with investing in the company. The regulatory approval process involves submitting the prospectus to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which reviews the document to ensure it contains all the necessary information and complies with applicable laws and regulations.

Going public is a significant milestone for a company, as it provides access to a broader pool of capital and increases the company's visibility and credibility in the marketplace. Additionally, the transition from private to the public can be beneficial for private investors, as it allows them to sell their shares to the public and fully realise gains from their investment.

Why the Focus on IPOs?

The increasing interest in upcoming IPOs in India is an indication of the tremendous potential that exists in the Indian economy. It is not just about the thrill of new investment opportunities but also the broader economic implications. When companies go public and list their shares, they raise significant capital that can be used for expansion, research and development, and other growth initiatives. This capital injection can have a significant impact on the economy by creating jobs, boosting consumer spending, and spurring innovation. Moreover, listing shares enhances transparency and accountability, fostering trust and attracting investors.

- Capital Raise:

Companies raise capital to acquire funds that can be utilized to finance their growth, repay debts, invest in research and development, purchase new equipment, acquire other companies, or pursue other strategic ventures. Companies can access the necessary funds to expand their operations, enhance their competitive advantage, and achieve their long-term goals by issuing stocks and bonds, taking out loans, or seeking investments from venture capitalists. The process of raising capital involves various factors such as market conditions, investor demand, financial performance, and regulatory compliance, which companies need to carefully evaluate and manage to ensure effective and efficient capital allocation.

- Investor Participation:

When a company decides to sell shares to the public for the first time, individual investors have the chance to invest in the company's potential growth and success. By investing in this manner, people can share their wealth more fairly and equally. This allows people to be part of the success of companies and share in their growth story, which was previously only possible for big investors.

- Job Creation:

When a business grows, it needs more resources to meet its demands. This creates new job opportunities, both within the company and through its suppliers. These jobs provide income to more people, who have more money to spend in their communities. This leads to increased spending, which further stimulates economic growth. As a result, prosperity is positively influenced.

The Direct Impact of IPOs on India's GDP

Fueling Expansion and Innovation

When discussing the upcoming Initial Public Offering (IPO) in India, it's important to understand how these financial investments can help companies grow and improve. This growth not only benefits the companies themselves but also generates a significant amount of economic activity.

For example, a tech company that goes public can use the money raised to hire more skilled engineers, invest in research and development, and expand its operations. All of these actions have a positive impact on the economy, which can be multiplied several times over.

Enhancing Market Efficiency

IPOs contribute to market efficiency by increasing the available information on a company, allowing investors to make more informed decisions. This transparency helps allocate financial resources to the most efficient channels, which is crucial for economic growth.

Upcoming IPOs

India is gearing up for a dynamic IPO market in 2024, with numerous companies across various sectors planning to go public. This influx of IPOs is expected to significantly impact the country's economy, with potential contributions to GDP growth through increased investment, business expansion opportunities, and heightened economic activities. Here's an overview:

- Technology Sector:

Major tech companies like Swiggy, MobiKwik, and Ola Electric are expected to launch IPOs. Swiggy, with a projected IPO size of around $1 billion, highlights the growing investor interest in technology and e-commerce platforms.

- Healthcare and Hospitality:

Companies such as Entero Healthcare Solutions and Juniper Hotels are also planning substantial IPOs, with Entero aiming to raise ₹1,600 crores and Juniper Hotels around ₹1,800 crores. These listings indicate strong growth prospects in healthcare and tourism, sectors crucial for job creation and service expansion.

- Financial Services:

Fintech and financial services remain hotspots for IPOs, with firms like PayU India and small finance banks like Capital Small Finance Bank and Jana Small Finance Bank preparing for public listings. These IPOs will likely enhance financial inclusivity and support expanding financial services across India.

- Consumer Goods and Other Industries:

Various other sectors, including consumer goods and manufacturing, are represented in the 2024 IPO pipeline. Companies like Keventer Agro and Penna Cement are preparing to raise funds through the public markets, enabling them to scale operations and contribute to economic growth.


Companies in India are going public, and this is great news for the country's economy. By becoming public entities, these companies are contributing to the growth of the country's GDP and promoting further economic uprisings. Investing in these companies is not just about making money but also about taking part in a larger economic success story.

As more companies go public, the anticipation around each initial public offering (IPO) plays a significant role in shaping India's economic future. By understanding and taking part in these economic milestones, we can contribute to our wealth as well as the nation's collective prosperity.

This article is part of a featured content programme.
Published 29 April 2024, 11:49 IST

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