Delhi sees nearly 13.5 pc rise in per capita income

Delhi sees nearly 13.5 pc rise in per capita income

Delhi's per capita income during financial year 2014-15 has increased to Rs 2.41 lakh from Rs 2.12 lakh in the previous fiscal, a rise of nearly 13.50 per cent over the period.

Besides, the per capita income of the national capital is almost three times its value for the country, which stands at Rs 87,748, according to Economic Survey of Delhi 2014-15 tabled in the Delhi Assembly today.

As per the survey, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at current prices during 2014-15 has increased to over Rs 4.51 lakh crore, a growth of 15.35 per cent over the previous year.

At constant prices, the growth of the Gross State Domestic Product for 2014-15 is 8.2 per cent as compared to 7.4 per cent recorded at national level.

As per the survey, the fiscal deficit of Delhi government was Rs 2,21.25 crore in 2014-15, which is 0.049 per cent of GSDP, as compared to estimated fiscal deficit of 2.35 per cent of all states during the same year.

The expenditure incurred on social service sectors in Delhi increased from 48.79 per cent in 10th Five Year Plan to 57.12 per cent in the 11th Five Year Plan and 65.75 per cent for the first three years of the 12th Five Year Plan.

Tax collection of Delhi government registered a growth of 2.64 per cent in 2014-15 as compared to the growth of 10.60 per cent in 2013-14, it said.

Delhi has maintained its consistent revenue surplus which was Rs 6,079.53 crore in 2014-15 as compared to Rs 5,615.37 crore in 2013-14.

As per Census 2011, about 97.50 per cent of the population lived in urban area. Rural area of Delhi reduced from 558.32 sqm in 2001 to 369.35 sqm in 2011. The number of villages have declined from 165 in 2001 to 112 in 2011, as per the survey.

The decennial population growth of Delhi during 2001-2011 was recorded as 20.96 per cent as compared to around 50 per cent in each decade between 1961 and 1991 and 47 per cent between 1991 and 2001. The population of Delhi as on March 2011 was recorded at 167.53 lakh.

The sex ratio has improved from 821 in 2001 to 868 in 2011. The density of population has increased from 9,340 persons per square km in 2001 to 11,297 persons per sq km in 2011.

According to the survey, the literacy rate has increased from 81.67 per cent in 2001 to 86.34 per cent in 2011. The urban population of the national capital increased from 93.18 per cent in 2001 to 97.50 per cent in 2011.

About greenery, the survey said, tree cover area in 2013 was 297.81 sq km, which is 20.08 per cent of the total area of Delhi.

The total cropped area reduced from 52,816 hectares in 2000-01 to 34,312 hectares in 2014-15.

The number of agricultural operational holdings has reduced from 25311 in 2005-06 to 20497 in 2010-11, it said.

The main reasons behind such reduction are fast urbanisation and shift in occupational pattern especially during the last two decades.

On power sector, it said the electricity supply in Delhi increased from 23,537 million units in 2005-06 to 37,484 million units in 2014-15. The total number of electricity consumer in Delhi is 54.05 lakh in 2014-15 with power consumption recording an annual growth of 3.63 per cent.

Peak demand increased from 3,626 MW in 2005-06 to 5,925 MW in 2014-15. AT&C (Aggregate Technical and Commercial) losses were brought down from 52 per cent in the pre-reform era to 12.83 per cent in 2014-15.

As per the survey to encourage solar energy, a new Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) Power Plant of 2.14 MWp at Indira Gandhi International Airport has been successfully installed and commissioned.

New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) area will be developed as a 'Solar City' by installing SPV panels on rooftops of government buildings, metro stations, bus stops, among other places.

The total number of motor vehicles on road in Delhi as on March 31, 2015 touched to 88.27 lakh, showing an increase of 6.4 per cent over previous year.

Total road network of Delhi has increased from 32,131 lane km in 2007-08 to 33198 lane km in 2014-15.

Average ridership of Delhi Metro was approximately 24 lakh per day during 2014-15 with around 238 Metro Feeder bus services available at 41 metro stations.

DTC operates 3,781 low-floor AC and non-AC CNG buses and 924 standard-floor buses to take care of about 39 lakh passengers daily, while private sector corporate carriage operators are operating 1,406 cluster buses in 9 clusters. Government has installed CCTV cameras on a pilot basis in 200 DTC buses.

As per 2011 Census, 81 per cent of total households were having piped water supply system.

The total number of water connections provided by Delhi Jal Board (DJB) has increased from 17.85 lakhs in 2009-10 to 20.65 lakhs in 2013-14.

The survey said that about 142 MGD of treated waste water is being utilised for cooling of power plants, horticulture, parks, irrigation as well as crops irrigation.

According to the report, 35.98 per cent of total population of Delhi is residing in urban areas. There is a near universal electrification and 99 per cent of the households have access to sanitation facilities.

Close to 31.76 lakh houses (77.6 per cent) were being used exclusively for residential purposes in 2011. The DUSIB has setup 271 night-shelters  for the shelter-less population.

In the education sector, Delhi has a variety of quality schools, colleges and universities as well as centres for research and higher education with male and female literacy rate of 91.03 per cent and 80.93 per cent respectively.

As per the survey, the literacy rate of Delhi is at around 86 per cent, which is much higher than the all India level of 74 per cent as per the 2011 Census.

Delhi government has invested massively in education sector for improving the education as around 20 per cent of the total budget of 2014-15 was allocated to the education sector.

The total number of schools increased from 5043 in 2009-10 to 5798 in 2014-15. Even the number of students enrolled in schools increased from 37.38 lakh in 2009-10 to 44.13 lakh in 2014-15.

About 25,000 students got admitted under EWS quota in 1200 recognised private unaided.

It is said the number of students in ITIs and Polytechnics increased from 22,070 in 2009-10 to 28628 in 2013-14, with a growth of 30 per cent in five years. More than 16000 trainees were trained under Skill Development Mission during 2014-15.

As per economic survey, Delhi has a wide network of health sector infrastructure comprising 95 hospitals, 1,389 dispensaries, 267 maternity homes, 973 polyclinics and 16 medical colleges.

It is said total number of hospital beds increased from 41,706 in 2010 to 48,096 in 2014 simultaneously bed population ratio increased from 2.54 to 2.71 in the same period.

About 82 per cent of the total births were institutional in 2013.

The life expectancy in Delhi is of 72 years four years more than the national average of 68.

In social security and welfare sector around 95 Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) with a network of 10,897 Anganwadi Centers took care of 14.58 lakh pregnant and lactating women and children up to the age of 6 years.

About 3.32 lakh senior citizens were provided monthly old age pension during 2014-15.

Around 7.5 lakh girls registered under Ladli Yojana and 84,305 girls received the final maturity value upto March 2015.

The survey said that around 3400 households were provided financial support of Rs 10,000 under National Family Benefit Scheme during the year 2014-15.

About 27,000 students of SC/ST/OBC/Minority category studying in recognized unaided public schools got reimbursement of tuition fee.

Delhi is one of pioneer state in implementation of the National Food Security Act, 2013 with effect from September 1, 2013. It issued 17.68 lakh National Food Security Smart Cards have been issued to eligible households and all the digital Food Security Cards are Aadhar enabled.

The survey said the number of persons below Poverty Line in Delhi has reduced from 23.3 lakhs (14.2 per cent) in 2009-10 to 16.96 lakhs (9.91 per cent) in 2011-12.

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