Functional aspects of international & domestic laws different: Professor

Law students of UoM hold model UN General Assembly conference

David Ambrose, Professor of Law at the Department of Legal Studies, Madras University, said that the functional aspects of international and domestic laws are different and it is necessary to understand their definitions. He addressed a gathering at the inaugural ceremony of Model United Nations Conference-2017 on the theme ‘Reforming of International Monetary System, Regulation International Trade and Intellectual Property Rights’ organised by the Department of Studies in Law, University of Mysore at Educational Multimedia Research Centre (EMRC) here on Monday.

He said, functional aspects of international law are based on ‘sources’ and ‘subjects’ while the objective of domestic laws is to render justice. International law aims to maintain peace and security between states however, humans are also subjects of international law as human rights are included in them, he added. Conference coordinator T R Maruthi said that United Nations is an international organisation which aids in international conflicts and resolution between countries.

“The conflicts are then resolved respectively by the sort of problem these specific conflicts are solved within committees by experts in the topics. UN was established to sustain global peace, neutralising of threats, dialogue between nations, control of weapons and international cooperation. He said that by joining 193 countries to find solutions for international conflicts, the United Nations tries to maintain international peace and security. The United Nations General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations, Maruthi said.

Maruthi said, the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is an intergovernmental organisation which regulates international trade. “The WTO deals with regulation of trade between participating countries by providing a framework for negotiating trade agreements and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing adherence to WTO agreements, which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments,” he said.

“Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on are derived from trade negotiations. The WTO helps promote peace among nations, disputes are handled constructively, rules make life easier for all, it offers free trade, cuts the cost of living and also provides more choice of products and quality,” he said. UoM Registrar R Rajanna and Department of Studies in Law chairman Ramesh were also present.

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