Somalia in deep humanitarian crisis

Half of the countrys population needs assistance due to the ongoing insurgency: UN

 
A woman holds her malnourished child at Banadir hospital in Mogadishu, Somalia, on Wednesday. APThe agency’s Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) said 3.76 million people are getting humanitarian assistance and warned of further deterioration because of the country’s ongoing insurgency.

“This signals a serious deterioration in the emergency food security and nutrition situation from earlier this year,” said Cindy Holleman, Chief Technical Adviser of the Somalia FSNAU. Somalia has been ravaged by violence and anarchy since warlords overthrew dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991, then turned on each other.  The al-Shabab insurgent group, which has foreign fighters in its ranks, operates openly in the capital and seeks to overthrow the government and impose a strict form of Islam in Somalia.

Terrorists’ haven

Many experts fear the country’s lawlessness could provide a haven for al-Qaeda, offering a place for terrorists to train and gather strength —much like Afghanistan in the 1990s.
The United States accuses al-Shabab of having ties to the terror network, which al-Shabab denies. Insurgents have been threatening to increase attacks during Ramadan, a monthlong period of prayer, reflection and sunrise-to-sunset fasts. But the top UN envoy for Somalia, Ahmedou Ould Abdallah, urged Somalis to unify during the holy month, which began on Saturday.

“I particularly appeal to the Somali elite, inside and outside the country, who are fortunate enough to live with their families in comfortable, secure homes and with access to good schools to remember that only stability will end the long suffering of refugees and internally displaced persons,” he said.

Sheik Sharif Sheik Ahmed, a moderate Islamist, was elected as president in January in hopes that he could unite the country’s feuding factions, but the violence has continued. And as of June 30, the AU force in Mogadishu had 4,300 troops, from Uganda and Burundi, just 54 per cent of its authorised strength of 8,000.

Various Islamist groups have been fighting the UN-backed government since being chased from power. The situation is complicated by the continual splintering and reforming of alliances and a tangled web of clan loyalties.

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