Green tea improves brain function in HIV patients

Green tea improves brain function in HIV patients

Green tea and chocolates may help reduce neurological complications linked to HIV, paving way for effective treatment of HIV related brain disorders.

Research by Joseph Steiner and colleagues from Johns Hopkins University found that a group of plant polyphenols known as catechins, which naturally occur in green tea and the seed of the cacao tree, may help in the prevention of these neurological complications.

Current drug therapy for patients with HIV is unable to control the complete replication of the virus in the brain, and, therefore, are ineffective in the complications associated with neurocognitive impairment in HIV patients.

Previous research has established the critical role of a protein called brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in supporting the survival and growth of neurons in the brain.
This protein is active in areas of the brain vital to learning, memory and higher thinking.
Patients with HIV have been found to have lower levels of BDNF in their brains than healthy individuals suggesting that this could be directly responsible for the cognitive impairment suffered. In the study, Steiner and colleagues identified a series of compounds which had the potential to help protect neurons in the brain. Nine of these were related to epicatechin, which is found in cocoa and green tea leaves.

This provides hope for patients with HIV as there is currently no neuroprotective therapy available for patients with HIV-associated cognitive impairment.

Comments (+)