India, China sign pact to defuse border row

New Delhi strongly opposes stapled visa policy
Last Updated 23 October 2013, 20:54 IST

India and China on Wednesday sought to defuse recurring border stand-offs with the signing of a  comprehensive pact that  commits them not to use military capability to attack each other.

However, a deal on a liberalised visa regime could not be signed with India strongly opposing China’s stapled visa policy.

Under a border defence cooperation agreement (BDCA), signed after extensive talks between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and his Chinese counterpart Li Keqiang here, the two neighbours agreed not to tail each other’s patrol along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

The LAC has witnessed numerous incursions by Chinese troops in the  Depsang Valley in Ladakh.

The BDCA facilitates the establishment of a hotline between the military headquarters of the two countries and meeting sites for border personnel in all sectors of the 4000-km LAC.

The talks between the two premiers at the Great Hall of the People lasted over three hours. Singh and Li met for the second time this year for “fruitful and  productive” discussions.

In all, nine agreements, including the BDCA and one on strengthening cooperation on trans-border rivers, were signed after restricted and delegation-level talks.

As expected, there was no agreement on liberalising the visa regime that  the Chinese side was very keen on, but India was not in the view of a controversy over stapled visas issued by the Chinese Embassy to two Indian archers from Arunachal Pradesh.


During the talks, India objected to stapled visas issued by China to residents of some Indian states over whose parts Beijing has laid claim. Singh pledged his commitment to easing the visa regime to facilitate the travel of Chinese nationals.

He told the media after the talks that he had “conveyed to Premier Li our commitment to visa simplification to facilitate travel of Chinese nationals to India and hoped that China will also facilitate such exchanges.”

Ahead of the visit, there were indications that an agreement on a liberalised visa regime was close to being signed between the countries. But upset by the issue of stapled visas to residents of Arunachal Pradesh, India decided to defer the issue in a virtual tit-for-tat move.

Sources said the agreement would be signed “some day” but India had decided to “slow down things” for the moment.

Refusing to go into the details of what was discussed in the meeting between the two prime ministers, Foreign Secretary Sujatha Singh said in response to questions at a news briefing that the issue of stapled visas had come up.

“It will be under discussion,” she said when she was asked whether the Chinese had given assurances that they would not resort to such a practice in future.

She asserted that Arunachal Pradesh “is an integral part of India” but refused to go into details of the discussions. 

“I have told you what we can share with you at this moment,” she said. 

The two premiers told the media the fact that they met twice in a single calendar year, the first time this had happened since 1954, reflected the significance of the  strategic relationship between the two countries. The agreements signed today “will inject a new dynamism in the ties,” they said.

The four-page BDCA, signed by Defence Secretary R K Mathur and The People's Liberation Army (PLA) Deputy Chief of General Staff Lt Gen Sun Jianguo, has 10 clauses that seek to maintain peace, tranquillity and stability along the 4000-km LAC.

It reiterates that neither side shall use its military capability against the other and that their respective military strengths shall not be used to attack the other side.
 It reaffirms that neither side shall use or threaten to use force against the other side by any means or seek equal security.

(Published 23 October 2013, 20:54 IST)

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