Of geometry with aesthetics

Of geometry with aesthetics

Of geometry with aesthetics

Who said geometry only involves circles and squares? K S Someswara looks at how it can change the way we look at homes

Geometry rules our world. Our homes, streets, buildings, even nature, is defined by geometry. Geometry in architecture can transform the way we look at things. Unlike common opinion, geometry is not only about defined shapes and figures. Sometimes, a circular-shaped home can enclose a square-shaped living room. Let’s look at geometry that promises beauty in our homes.

The first thing anyone notices about a home is its exteriors. The roof and finishing are the most visible feature of a building and form the first impression. The shape  and structure of a roof sets the tone for architectural elegance. The importance of the roof is to provide shelter, no matter what its shape.

A tiled roof is generally used for a medium-sized house. If the roof is dome-shaped, it gives the appearance of a large interior. Normally, flat roofs are most common in any structure. However, amidst these structures, there will be a few that stand apart.

Sloped roof is a very popular design. This will provide better elevation and a different appeal. Generally, Mangaluru tiles are used here. However, with passing time, the sloped roofs are built with Reinforced Concrete (RCC) and are clad with tiles. RCC roofing does provide greater protection, but it has taken away the aesthetic beauty of the tiles.

Apart from this, architects are also experimenting with complex shapes today. A complex triangular form, placed at different angles, will look impressive. When this is extended to the ground level, it changes the facade of the entire structure.
These apart, rectangular, square or circular designs too can be adopted. Buildings look distinct when they are built with a complex geometric shape.

The materials used for the roof also evoke a sense of warmth in the interiors. Clay-tiled roofs evince warmth and a relaxed attitude, while glass or steel roofs give a formal feeling. Terracotta tiles are also a safe bet when it comes to roofing options for homes.

Apart from that, there are many design  elements that decide the overall look of the building. Flat tiles are simple in design and they are laid traditionally with overlapping rows. Interlocking round tiles, on the other hand, are flat in the middle with curves at one end ,enabling them to fit with another adjacently. S-shaped roof tiles are another option, also called pantiles. They can be fixed by interlocking.

Mission roof, made of clay is also doable. They are cylindrical in shape, which can be fixed either in a convex or conclave manner. Gable roof is a popular variety, which can be seen aplenty in the southern coastal region especially in Kerala and Karnataka. The sloped, low roofs with overhanging caves give rise to the deep verandah, which is best suited for the sultry climate of the coastal region.

There are also many unique patterns like the barrel design, which give the impression of waves on the roof. Combined with closed slope tiles, these will give the appearance of a cone. What’s more, these tiles come in assorted colours like red, brown, green or black nowadays. They can be matched according to one’s taste so that the roof will stand apart. Combining a flat roof with a sloped roof is a unique idea. This will add extra height to the room and make it visually expansive.

The contour of the building is invariably dictated by the size and shape of the plot on which it is built. A triangular site would require small square- or rectangular-shaped space, depending on the dimensions. Triangular and rectangular shape will easily fit into a square plot, while a rectangular plot can easily accommodate a circular structure. Geometry can shape the interiors also.

A room need not always be rectangular or square in shape. It can be oddly shaped too. For instance, it could be hemispherical or conical. Walls instead of following straight formats can be angled differently, giving the room an arresting appearance. There can be multi-level interiors, each showcasing different dimensions or shapes and spaces.

In fact, multi-dimensional geometrical structures can also be added to the interiors, especially in two- or three-storied homes. The multiple levels could incorporate strong dimensions, either depicting a specific theme or showcasing an interesting design. Whatever the pattern, the design should be eye-catching and in sync with the rest of the elements at play to give the home a well put together look.

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