Bone and joint repair

Bone and joint repair

What is Regenerative Medical Therapy?

It aims at applying regenerative medicine to effective, patient-specific therapy. The therapy can be applied to renew damaged cartilage, unhealed fractures, and even bone or joint repair. Youngsters often neglect injuries like fractures, spasms and joint pain. When neglected, the pain worsens and can bring on further complications as it damages ligaments or cartilage. Regenerative Medical Therapy treats the problem through a minimally invasive, two-step surgery.

What are the steps involved in surgery?

First, you need to consult an orthopaedic. After a close analysis of your problem, if you are found to have a damaged cartilage,  a set of non-cartilage cells are extracted, through key hole surgery, from the affected area for lab regeneration. This procedure in the OT does not take more than 45 minutes. The cartilage is then taken to a lab and allowed to regrow under optimal conditions for about 4-6 weeks. This is followed by another procedure, where the regenerated cartilage is inserted suitably.

How long does it take for the person to resume normal activity?

The patient requires a minimum of two months of bed rest, followed by the use of crutches if it is an unhealed fracture or a joint replacement surgery. A minimum of 6-8 weeks’ rest is recommended and the recovery period involves physiotherapy to strengthen the joint.

What are the risks involved in surgery?

There are no side effects from implanting the regenerated bone or cartilage. During surgery, there are chances of infection, which is avoidable. There could be anaesthetic complications. But the risk percentage is almost negligible.

Is this surgery advisable for all?

No. For hip or joint problems (avascular necrosis), the procedure can be administered only after careful consultation. There is no age restriction. But for unhealed fractures, it is advisable only for those below the age of 65.

Cartilage tear is often seen in youngsters today because of excessive exertion on their joints due to sporting activities, jogging etc. I recommend this treatment for those below the age of 45.

Smokers and those who are in the habit of consuming alcohol daily cannot be helped through this surgery.

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