May wins confidence vote, seeks to end Brexit stalemate

Last Updated 17 January 2019, 05:00 IST

Prime Minister Theresa May won a confidence vote in the British parliament on Wednesday before inviting other party leaders for immediate talks to try to break the impasse on a Brexit divorce agreement.

Lawmakers voted 325 to 306 that they had confidence in May's government, just 24 hours after handing her European Union withdrawal deal a crushing defeat that left Britain's exit from the bloc in disarray.

With the clock ticking down to March 29, the date set in law for Brexit, the United Kingdom is now in the deepest political crisis in half a century as it grapples with how, or even whether, to exit the European project it joined in 1973.

After the results of the confidence vote were announced to cheers from Conservative lawmakers, May said she believed parliament had a duty to find a solution that that delivered on the 2016 Brexit referendum result.

"To that end, I have proposed a series of meetings between senior parliamentarians and representatives of the government over the coming days," May told parliament. "I would like to invite the leaders of parliamentary parties to meet with me individually, and I would like to start these meetings tonight."

But with lawmakers deadlocked on the way forward, the United Kingdom could face a disorderly "no-deal" Brexit, a delay to Brexit, or even another referendum on membership.

The votes on Tuesday and Wednesday brought into sharp relief the problem May faces; trying to win over pro-EU supporters in her own and other parties without alienating those who keep her in power - for instance, by giving up the "no-deal Brexit" that they see as a crucial bargaining chip.

Hardline Brexit-supporters in her party, who last month made an unsuccessful attempt to oust her, and the Northern Irish party that props up her minority government will not countenance a deal that keeps close trade ties with the EU.

"The confidence and supply arrangement (to support May) of course is built upon delivering Brexit on the basis of our shared priorities," said Nigel Dodds, deputy leader of the Democratic Unionist Party.


However, opposition Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said no positive talks were possible unless a no-deal Brexit was ruled out. His party wants a permanent customs union with the EU, a close relationship with its single market and greater protections for workers and consumers.

May's spokesman said she was not ruling out a no-deal option and that it was government policy to be outside an EU customs union. Critics said this meant May was not budging from the deal that had alienated all sides in parliament.

Sterling was trading just off two-month highs against the euro after May won the confidence vote, with many investors believing the prospect of a no-deal exit had receded as parliament hardened its stance against it.

Companies warned of catastrophic job losses and chaos at ports if there was no deal. Trade with the EU would then default to basic World Trade Organization rules, which many argue would disrupt innumerable manufacturing supply chains relying on rapid, friction-free trade.

Ever since Britain voted by 52-48 per cent to leave the EU in June 2016, the political class has been debating how to leave the European project forged by France and Germany after the devastation of World War Two.


Tuesday's crushing defeat appears to have killed off May's two-year strategy of forging an amicable divorce in which a status-quo transition period would be followed by Britain operating an independent trade policy alongside close ties to the EU, the world's biggest single market.

Other members of the EU, which combined has about six times Britain's economic might, called for discussion but indicated there was little chance of fundamental change to the deal May had negotiated.

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said there was little time to find a solution and "the time for playing games is now over".

For the EU, already reeling from crises over debt and refugees, Brexit is possibly the biggest blow in its 60-year history, though its 27 other members have shown remarkable unity on the issue.

Calls have grown from pro-EU lawmakers from both her own party and the opposition for another referendum with an option to cancel Brexit. Labour has said it will rule nothing out if it fails to bring May down.

However, Britain's leaders are concerned that to stop Brexit could alienate the 17.4 million people who voted to leave.

Brexit supporters anticipate some short-term economic pain but say Britain will then thrive if cut loose from what they cast as a doomed experiment in German-dominated unity.

Opponents of Brexit say it is folly that will weaken the West, make Britain poorer and torpedo what remains of its post-imperial clout.

(Published 16 January 2019, 21:29 IST)

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