Delhi's per capita income is highest in country

NSSO sample survey says 90 per cent of people in city are literate

The national capital leads the country when it comes to earning and spending.

According to a report released by Delhi government on Thursday, the capital’s monthly per capita expenditure (MPCE) in urban areas increased from Rs 2,078 in 2008 to Rs 2,905 in 2010 – well above the national urban spending average of Rs 1,984.

Delhi's per capita annual income at Rs 1,16,886 is also the highest among all states and union territories.

The statistical report, 'Level and Pattern of Household Consumer Expenditure in Delhi,' is based on a sample survey conducted during July 2009-June 2010 under National Sample Survey's 66th Round.

After Delhi, Himachal Pradesh records the second highest monthly per capita expenditure at Rs 2,654, followed by Maharashtra’s Rs 2,437 and Kerala’s Rs 2,413. Karnataka with Rs 2,053 is in the eighth place.

Looked at another way, the monthly per capita expenditure of 51 per cent of the total households in Delhi is Rs 2,501 and above, followed by 46 per cent in the range of Rs 1,001-2,500 and just 3 per cent below Rs 100.

Food expenditure

In urban areas of Delhi, about 36 per cent of monthly per capita expenditure is on food items. Around 10 per cent is spent on milk and milk products, 7 per cent on cereals and pulses, 2 per cent on edible oils, 4 per cent on vegetables and 2 per cent on fruit. Among the non-food items, about 8 per cent is spent on fuel, 6 per cent on clothing and bedding, 9 per cent on education, 2 per cent on medical expenses and 7 per cent on rent.

At the national level, in urban areas, 39 per cent of monthly expenditure is on food.

LPG consumption

The report says about 90 per cent of the total households use LPG as fuel for cooking while only 4.81 per cent are dependent on kerosene and 1.62 per cent on firewood.

Another indicator of  Delhi's relative prosperity is that around 64 per cent households have their own dwelling units and only 31 per cent live in rented accommodation.

Internet usage

Some 5.60 lakh homes, or over 15 per cent of total households, have internet connections. The average household size in urban Delhi is less than 4.5 persons and the average number of children per household comes to 1.17. As much as 97.29 per cent of city's population is in urban areas.

According to the sample survey, 49 per cent of the households lived on regular salaries, followed by 40 per cent self-employed and 4 per cent who came under the category of labour.

Literate city

Literacy is high in the city at 90.12 per cent of the population. Around 16 per cent are literate upto primary level, 27 per cent upto middle and secondary, 13 per cent upto higher secondary level and 20 per cent upto graduate and postgraduate levels.

Around 7 per cent of total households are headed by a female member of the family. Out of the total female population of 75.64 lakh in Delhi, around 50 per cent are currently married, 6 per cent are widows and 0.18 per cent divorced or separated.

In urban Delhi, the per capita monthly consumption of cereals is 8.23 kilogram, against the national figure of 9.39 kilogram.

Of this, 6.76 kilogram is wheat, compared to 4.36 kilogram nationwide.

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