Egypt Islamists rally for referendum

Flag-waving supporters of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi staged a final rally on Friday before a divisive referendum on a new constitution that the Islamist leader hopes will bring an end to weeks of political crisis and street clashes.

Cairo and other cities have seen a series of often violent demonstrations over the past three weeks since Morsi assumed sweeping new powers to push through the constitution, which he sees as a vital element of Egypt’s transition to democracy after the overthrow of autocratic predecessor Hosni Mubarak last year.

At least eight people have died and hundreds have been injured, and a leading opposition figure warned of more blood on the streets during the voting this Saturday and next on a draft the opposition says is too heavily influenced by Islamists.

The referendum, held on two days because there aren’t enough judges willing to monitor all polling stations, asks Egyptians to accept or reject a basic law that must be in place before national elections can be held early next year - an event many hope can steer the Arab world’s most populous nation towards stability.

To bolster support for the constitution, Islamists who propelled Mursi to power in June’s presidential election assembled at a mosque near the president's palace in Cairo. “We’ve come here to say ‘yes’ to the constitution,” they chanted, “Long live President Mursi.” The majority of protesters were men with beards, and some had brought their children and veiled wives along.

“I came to say ‘yes’ to the legitimacy of President Mursi and to Islamic Sharia law,” said Mohamed Murad, 37, a preacher at a mosque.

Members of the liberal, secular and Christian opposition began to gather to protest against the basic law outside the presidential palace.Mohamed ElBaradei, an opposition leader and Nobel prize winner, urged Mursi to cancel the referendum “before it is too late”.

Amr Moussa, a former head of the Arab League also prominent in the opposition, called on Egyptians to vote “no”. The measure is expected to pass, given the well-organized Muslim Brotherhood’s record of winning elections since the fall of Mubarak. Many Egyptians, tired of turmoil, may simply fall in line.The first round of voting on Saturday will take place in Cairo and other major cities.

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